Mboya, Thomas Joseph

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Mboya, Thomas Joseph

(mboi`ə), 1930–69, Kenyan political leader. The son of a Luo farmer, he was born in the "white highlands" of Kenya and educated at Roman Catholic mission schools. Early involved in trade union activities, he joined Jomo Kenyatta's Kenya African Union and soon became one of its leaders. In 1953 he was elected general secretary of the Kenya Federation of Labor. After studying in India and England, Mboya returned (1956) to Kenya and, under the first elections held (1957) for African members of the Kenya Legislative Council, was one of eight elected. Heading a delegation to the All-African People's Conference (1958) in Accra, Ghana, he was elected its president. As leader of the Kenya Independence Movement, he was instrumental in securing a constitution assuring African political supremacy. Merging his group with the newly formed Kenya African National Union in 1960, he became general secretary of the organization. After Kenya gained (1963) its independence, Mboya served as minister of labor (1962–63), minister of justice and constitutional affairs (1963–64), and minister of economic planning and development (1964–69). His popularity established him as a likely successor to Kenyatta, and his assassination in 1969 set off widespread rioting. He wrote Kenya Faces the Future: A Statement of the African Case in Kenya (1959).

Bibliography

See a collection of his speeches and writings in The Challenge of Nationhood (1970); biography by A. Rake (1962).

References in periodicals archive ?
While the entire central business district was under water, some of the flood hotspots included Moi Avenue, Tom Mboya, Racecourse Road, Ronald Ngala Street, Haile Selassie Avenue, Temple Road, Kimathi Street among others.
He spoke at Tom Mboya Labour College in Kisumu on Saturday.
In a 1964 survey, the Ministry of Economic Planning and Development under the direction of Tom Mboya, a Kenyan nationalist and trade unionist, estimated that nearly 6,000 highly educated Kenyans were needed by 1971 to fill occupations that required university education.
Kennedy, with the rising Kenyan political star Tom Mboya in 1960.
They included stores on Hakati Street, Ronald Ngala Street, Jogoo Road, Haile Selassie Avenue, and the two branches on Tom Mboya Street.
In August, she traveled in Kenya with East African labor leader Tom Mboya.
From Tom Mboya to Gordon Brown; from the war in Burma as well as King George's involvement and the unsung Africans who participated in that war to Kofi Annan's voice in world politics and post 2007 political violence in Kenya, the novel recounts the historical connectedness of human lives on earth.
There is a need to realize that the second stage of nation-building is perhaps more challenging than the first one of achieving self-determination" - Tom Mboya June 5, 2012 -- Since border wars in Panthou (the so-called Heglig) seems to be seen as over by Mr.
The memo observed that the AASF had links to Kenyan nationalist leader Tom Mboya, and suggested that he favoured members of his Luo tribe - to which Obama senior also belonged - in awarding the scholarships.
State Department at the request of Tom Mboya, a CIA-backed leader in the Kenyan independence movement.