Mboya, Thomas Joseph

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Mboya, Thomas Joseph

(mboi`ə), 1930–69, Kenyan political leader. The son of a Luo farmer, he was born in the "white highlands" of Kenya and educated at Roman Catholic mission schools. Early involved in trade union activities, he joined Jomo Kenyatta's Kenya African Union and soon became one of its leaders. In 1953 he was elected general secretary of the Kenya Federation of Labor. After studying in India and England, Mboya returned (1956) to Kenya and, under the first elections held (1957) for African members of the Kenya Legislative Council, was one of eight elected. Heading a delegation to the All-African People's Conference (1958) in Accra, Ghana, he was elected its president. As leader of the Kenya Independence Movement, he was instrumental in securing a constitution assuring African political supremacy. Merging his group with the newly formed Kenya African National Union in 1960, he became general secretary of the organization. After Kenya gained (1963) its independence, Mboya served as minister of labor (1962–63), minister of justice and constitutional affairs (1963–64), and minister of economic planning and development (1964–69). His popularity established him as a likely successor to Kenyatta, and his assassination in 1969 set off widespread rioting. He wrote Kenya Faces the Future: A Statement of the African Case in Kenya (1959).

Bibliography

See a collection of his speeches and writings in The Challenge of Nationhood (1970); biography by A. Rake (1962).

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References in periodicals archive ?
In his song Niguo Kuri (the way things are), he says that those who assassinated Tom Mboya are the ones who 'messed up the marriage between the Kikuyu and Luo'.
The street families take over River road, Tom Mboya Street, Moi Avenue, Kenyatta Avenue and the neighbourhood after 7pm.
1969 - Kenyan politician Tom Mboya is assassinated in Nairobi.
In a 1964 survey, the Ministry of Economic Planning and Development under the direction of Tom Mboya, a Kenyan nationalist and trade unionist, estimated that nearly 6,000 highly educated Kenyans were needed by 1971 to fill occupations that required university education.
In the 1960s, Tom Mboya's pioneering "Airlift" scholarships were part of this movement.
The memo observed that the AASF had links to Kenyan nationalist leader Tom Mboya, and suggested that he favoured members of his Luo tribe - to which Obama senior also belonged - in awarding the scholarships.
State Department at the request of Tom Mboya, a CIA-backed leader in the Kenyan independence movement.
Journalists of old such as Nnamdi Azikiwe and Kwame Nkrumah, Paul Ansah and Tom Mboya, among so many others, must be on their feet applauding African Business.
Detailing King's meetings with world leaders such as Jawaharlal Nehru and Tom Mboya, the fifth volume traces King's emergence as an international spokesman for nonviolence while also shedding new light on his participation in the student protest movements and his role in the 1960 presidential elections.
In 1969 Kenyatta's designated successor, the charismatic Tom Mboya, was assassinated, and, as he was a member of the Luo tribe, the country then teetered on the brink of civil war.
Maseno University lecturer Tom Mboya opines that "there is no politics without the name of Raila Odinga, and that is why his name keeps on cropping up in discussions on the 2022 race, even though he has not declared any interest."Whatever other politicians say can only sell if they invoke Raila's name.