California perishables, as shown in table 1, traveled over 2 billion ton-miles
by rail in 2013.
Within 2018, the seasonality pattern is not repeated and Iranian total ton-miles
exports reach a peak by May 2018 in line with President Trump announcing his decision to cease the participation of the US in the Iran deal and to begin re-imposing sanctions following a wind-down period.
USDA reported that Montana had the 7th lowest and North Dakota the 8th lowest average grain and oilseed rates per ton-mile
in the 2006-2010 period for 36 states.
The rates of injury per ton-mile
in Table 4 are most pertinent, however.
cartage costs had been but 94/100ths of 14 per ton-mile
for the entire industry during calendar 1957.
In our studies for the STB, we found that the real average cost of a revenue ton-mile
decreased by 31 percent between 1987 and 2008, even though the railroad cost recovery index (a measure of inflation for railroad inputs) had increased about twice as much as the producer price index over the period.
The airplane will carry forward its predecessor's efficiency, with nearly equivalent trip costs and 16% lower ton-mile
costs than the 747-400 Freighter.
In addition, the VIUS survey design uses this weight as a major demarcation, so vehicles with this GVW or greater are sampled more heavily than are lighter vehicles, and the average loaded weight, required for ton-mile
estimation, is only reported for vehicles above this boundary.
Boeing freighters offer the lowest trip and ton-mile
cost in every freighter size.
It would require much less intrusive construction, far less land acquisition and paving, and would be far quieter and cleaner, consuming only one-third the amount of fuel per ton-mile
compared to trucking.
(7) Passenger-mile and ton-mile
figures are from National Transportation Statistics 1998 (U.S.