Tonadilla

Tonadilla

 

a type of Spanish musical comedy that was popular during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Originally a song with a refrain, it later became a short scenic intermezzo with music and dances that was performed between the acts of a play.

Around 1750, the tonadilla became an independent stage production that was often a vehicle for topical satire. Between 1770 and 1800, the tonadilla was very popular. Tonadillas were written by L. Misón, A. Guerrero, J. Palomino, B. de Laserna, V. Galbán, P. Esteve, and P. de Moral. Around 1850 the tonadilla declined in importance as the zarzuela became prevalent. The last writer of tonadillas is considered to be the singer, guitarist, and composer M. Garcia. A song from García’s tonadilla The Imaginary Servant (1804) was used by G. Bizet in his opera Carmen. E. Granados wrote songs for voice and piano entitled Collection of Tonadillas Written in the Old Style.

References in periodicals archive ?
Asi, el buen gusto se vinculo con la critica periodistica -sistematica durante las primeras tres decadas del siglo XIX- de dos soportes lirico-teatrales menores: la tonadilla y el sainete.
Her main area of research has been musical theatre in Spain during the second half of the eighteenth century in such genres as the tonadilla and dance music--this latter field together with the choreologist Maria Jose Ruiz Mayordomo.
El estribillo de la cancion, que funciona como una "tonadilla", esta en jerigonza "negra"; la palabra "charupa" es originaria de Peru y designa una frutilla sabrosa y dulce de las tierras tropicales; la ortografia de "chamaria" revela el acento del Rio de la Plata, influenciado por el portugues; los arrullos, en el mundo hispanoamericano, son tipicos de los africanos de la costa del Pacifico de los actuales territorios de Ecuador y Colombia; "el polo" es el nombre de un baile andaluz transformado en el Caribe (Coro, isla de Margarita), y que sera posteriormente retomado y apropiado por los gitanos del sur de Espana.
Desde el Medievo llegamos al siglo XVIII cuando las coplas, o una nueva version llamada tonadilla, van a empezar a adquirir su caracter mas representativo al erigirse como garantes de "lo espanol" en un momento clave para la formacion de la identidad espanola moderna.