Tone Arm

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tone Arm


a component of the sound pickup that holds the pickup head and makes possible movement of the head from the edge of a phonograph record to its center.

A tone arm is usually a hollow metal rod. The pickup head is mounted on one end of the rod; the other end is equipped with a stalk that is used to rotate the tone arm in the vertical and horizontal planes and a counterweight that is used to adjust the pressure exerted by the pickup on the record groove. A special device ensures the smooth lowering of the pickup head onto the record.


Apollonova, L. P., and N. D. Shumova. Gramzapis’ i ee vosproizvedenie. Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The supply coordinator at Rega, Ky Gandy, says that even though the single-piece cast-aluminium tone arm was first introduced in the 1980s it is still an incredibly hard part to make.
The company has achieved "near frictionless movement" horizontally and vertically with its tone arm designs, while having "no measurable free play in the bearing assemblies"--which in reality is around one or two microns of movement.
However, after years of development, Igus managed to create a bespoke Xiros bearing that met the stringent requirements for producing a perfectly balanced, friction-free tone arm, with no drag.
Choose your speed (45 or 33-1/3 rpm -- a button on top of the chassis assembly toggles between the two), depress the power button to start the platter rotating, gently lift the tone arm so the stylus hovers over the dead space at the LP's extreme, and lower the tone arm using the cueing lever.
Second, you the consumer, if you're in the market for an affordable turntable including tone arm and cartridge, are going to purchase the complete package, and we should review what you would purchase.
But I don't miss the cleaning hassle, the instant and inevitable sound degradation (I mean, a diamond scrapes plastic, and you expect the plastic to win?!), the stylus jumping grooves at crucial dynamic passages, and the fact that the Rotel, like the best of the lot, doesn't retract the tone arm when it reaches the innermost grooves of the LP.
Since their introduction, CDs have been the obvious choice: no endless fussing with tone arms, cartridges, and of course the LPs themselves; and most importantly, CDs did not suffer from the near instantaneous sound degradation that plagued vinyl.
Some would say that the table itself is the primary determinant in vinyl sound quality with tone arms and cartridges running a close place and show.
For an extra workout and thorough clean, use the smaller nozzle so more arm movements are needed to cover the room; Hire a carpet cleaner - they're often quite heavy so you'll use more energy as you give those carpets a lift; moving furniture around will challenge those arm and leg muscles too; Run up and down the stairs for toned legs and bums - don't tackle a whole floor at a time, do a job on each level; take stuff up and down in multiple trips rather than all at once; Tone arms up by cleaning windows using vigorous small circular movements, polishing wooden and laminate floors by hand and tackling those tide marks with a scrubbing brush; Tackle the mountain of ironing while standing to burn 190 calories per hour, double what you'd burn sat down watching TV.