timbre

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timbre

Music tone colour or quality of sound, esp a specific type of tone colour

Timbre

 

the quality of sound (its “color”) that makes it possible to distinguish between sounds of the same pitch when made on different instruments or by different voices.

Timbre is associated with the complex nature of sound vibrations and depends on such factors as the overtones or partial tones that accompany the fundamental tone and the regions of the sound spectrum in which they are particularly intense. These factors are determined by the material and shape of the body emitting the sound, the resonators that help form the sound, and the means of producing the sound. The times of sound production and decay also have a large effect on timbre.

In speech, timbre makes it possible to distinguish between vowels and other sonorants; here, the first and second formants play the main role. Speech sounds of the same timbre may be of any pitch and intensity. At the same time, the relationship between the frequency of the fundamental tone and the formants and overtones determines the individual characteristics of a given person’s speech; here, the third and higher formants play the leading role. In intonation in running speech, timbre makes it possible to distinguish between shades of emotion, such as joy, displeasure, and hostility.

timbre

[′tam·bər]
(acoustics)
That attribute of auditory sensation in terms of which a listener can judge that two sounds similarly presented and having the same loudness and pitch are dissimilar. Also known as musical quality; quality of sound.

timbre

A quality of sound that distinguishes one voice or musical instrument from another. For example, MIDI synthesizers are multi-timbral, meaning that they can play multiple instruments simultaneously.
References in periodicals archive ?
Scientists used to say there was no way to change the tone quality of the piano with the same intensity of attack," he states.
Tone quality may be poor, and many of the notes are wrong due to lack of preparation and/or fundamental skill.
A fourth normal illusion which is a condition for making the vibrato tolerable is the fact that even with a pitch oscillation of a semi-tone the intonation is heard as of a particular tone which can easily be identified with standard pitch, the musical effect heard being that of a changing tone quality rather than specific changes in pitch, intensity, and timbre.
At every musical level, horn players need resources to promote, as the promotional materials for this book state, "healthy breath support to enhance tone quality, smoothness of phrasing, generous air flow through the ends of phrases, and a singing style of playing.
It covers these physical aspects, as well as tone quality, registration, placement, resonance, ethics, and problems.
The final, hushed Amen is as eloquent a lament for the pity of war as any of the more elaborate music which precedes it in this lengthy, dramatic composition and the control, tone quality and intonation achieved by the singers of the Choral Society was as impressive here as anything they had negotiated in the previous 90 minutes.
Instead of forcing the body to move in a certain way, which has a negative effect on tone quality, we may encourage our students to allow their body to move naturally and therefore play with less tension.
The technical skills which fuelled this drama were evident in good diction, an impressive dynamic range allied with consistent tone quality and tight control of contrast.
Though many factors affect the tone quality of a trumpet, the overriding one seems to be the portion of the harmonic series that the instrument customarily uses.
There are extensive footnotes in the text that contain very interesting insight into his understanding of the influence of physiology upon tone quality.