Toneme


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Toneme

 

in linguistics, a feature of pitch that is linguistically significant, that is, that can distinguish otherwise identical lexical and grammatical forms. A toneme is the smallest tonal unit of a suprasegmental level to which the concepts of phoneme and morpheme correspond on other levels. Both the toneme and phoneme constitute an aggregate of distinctive features associated with pitch and intonation. In descriptive linguistics a toneme is also called a tonal phoneme.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Danish "stod" and Norwegian and Swedish tonemes are suprasegmental features of spoken language that are not realized in singing.
While there is no need to indicate the tonemes or "st[?
B): The (B) toneme is a trace of the morphophonological affix X.
C): The (C) toneme is a trace of the morphophonological affix S.
Three Sino-Finnic toneme correspondences are demonstrated in Tables 5, 6, and 7.
1] or with the morphophonological affix S (realised as [s] or [: ] in Finnish) is classified as the (C) toneme.
The chance to get an identical fundamental toneme in a pair of words is 1/3.
The four basic tonemes are denoted as (A), (B), (C) and (D).
Tonemes are secondary in both Sinitic and Finnic languages.
In summary, the fundamental tonemes are traces of affixes:
Some actual etyma of the same root contain different fundamental tonemes, since different morphophonological affixes have been formerly added to the same root.