Toni Morrison

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Morrison, Toni,

1931–2019, American writer, b. Lorain, Ohio, as Chloe Ardelia (later Anthony) Wofford; B.A. Howard Univ., 1953, M.F.A. Cornell, 1955. Her fiction is noted for its poetic language, lush detail, emotional intensity, and sensitive observation of American life from African-American perspectives. Her first novel, The Bluest Eye (1970), is the story of a girl ruined by a racist society and its violence. Song of Solomon (1977; National Book Award) established her as one of America's leading novelists. It concerns a middle-class man who achieves self-knowledge through the discovery of his rural black heritage. Her later fiction includes Beloved (1987; Pulitzer Prize), a powerful account of mother love, murder, and the legacy of slavery; and Jazz (1992), a tale of love and murder set in Harlem in the 1920s. Her other novels are Sula (1973), Tar Baby (1981), Paradise (1997), Love (2003), A Mercy (2008), Home (2012), and God Help the Child (2015).

Among Morrison's other works are the essay collections Race-ing Justice, En-Gendering Power (1992), Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination (1992), The Origin of Others (2017), essays on race, belonging, and literature, and The Source of Self-Regard (2019). She also wrote several children's books, including The Big Box (with her son, 2000); a play, Dreaming Emmett (1986); a song cycle, Honey and Me (1992), written with André Previn;Previn, Sir André
, 1929–2019, American conductor, composer, and pianist, b. Germany as Andreas Ludwig Priwin. His family fled Nazi Germany in 1938, and he became an American citizen in 1943.
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 an opera libretto, Margaret Garner (2003); and, with Malian singer-songwriter Rokia Traoré, Desdemona (2011), a reinterpretation of Shakespeare's Othello. Awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993, she was the first African-American woman to win the award. Morrison, who was an influential Random House editor for nearly two decades, was a professor at Princeton from 1989 (emeritus from 2006) and founded (1994) the Princeton Atelier, a writers' and performers' workshop.


See D. Taylor-Guthrie, ed., Conversations with Toni Morrison (1994) and C. Y. Denard, ed., Toni Morrison: Conversations (2008); studies by B. W. Jones (1985), A. I. Vinson (1985), N. Y. McKay, ed. (1988), H. Bloom (1990, repr. 2005), H. L. Gates, Jr., and K. A. Appiah, ed. (1993), P. Page (1995), N. J. Peterson, ed. (1997), L. Peach (1995 and, as ed., 1998), D. L. Middleton, ed. (2000), S. A. Stave, ed. (2006), J. L. Carlacio (2007), S. N. Mayberry (2007), J. L. J. Heinert (2008), L. V. D. Jennings (2008), R. Lister (2009), and K. Zauditu-Selassie (2009).

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Morrison, Toni (b. Chloe Anthony Wofford)

(1931–  ) writer, editor; born in Lorain, Ohio. She studied at Howard University (B.A. 1953) and Cornell (M.A. 1955). She taught English at Texas Southern University (1955–57) and at Howard (1957–64); later she would teach at the State University of New York: Purchase (1971–72) and Albany (1984–89), and at Princeton (1989). She married Harold Morrison (1958) and was divorced in 1964. In 1965 she became a senior editor for Random House in New York City. Her novels, which capture the deep passions and rhythms of African-American life, include Sula (1973), Song of Solomon (1977), and Beloved (1987); the last named won the Pulitzer Prize (1988). Recognized as a major American novelist, respected by critics and readers alike, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature in 1993.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Everything I am and ever will be as a black woman who writes begins with the work of Toni Morrison. My words have been shaped by all of her work, but especially The Bluest Eye, The Song of Solomon, Sula and most especially, Beloved.
PRIVACY AUCTIONED For Toni Morrison, globalisation and globalism, despite offering the illusion of one big, inclusive global village, has actually accentuated the alienation of the poor majority in the world.
Motherhood has always been at the crux of Toni Morrison's novels.
Conner's contribution in which he highlights the figure of the outcast in several of Morrison's novels and winds up stating that by understanding the world as an ontological space such sense of homelessness, as portrayed in Toni Morrison's work, reflects the "crisis of modernity" (Seward and Tally 2014: 20).
Pelagia Goulimari's Toni Morrison serves as a very competent introduction to Morrison's fiction, nonfiction, and the ever-growing body of criticism and theory addressing the significance of Morrison's work.
Nobel laureate Toni Morrison is known for novels in which female protagonists struggle to wrest control of their lives from an establishment bent on their destruction.
African spiritual traditions in the novels of Toni Morrison.
This collection of thirteen essays explores the literary relationship between James Baldwin and Toni Morrison with the goal of opening up new avenues of scholarship on some of their most resonant and challenging fiction and nonfiction.
Baingana's prose is deceptively simple and vibrates off the page with a poetic sensibility not unlike Toni Morrison's.
Included are: Jane Austen, Harriet Beecher Stowe, George Eliot, Louisa May Alcott, Lucy Maud Montgomery, Toni Morrison, Joy Kogawa, Judy Blume, Margaret Atwood, and J.K.
I think of the dramatic and transformative scene in Toni Morrison's Beloved when Baby Suggs preaches in the back yard of 124 with such sacred and embodied life, grace, and love to her people that they dance grace into their beings and it is written on their hearts.
In Remember: The Journey To School Integration, author Toni Morrison presents archival photos depicting the events surrounding school integration processes, accompanying photos with a fictional text recounting the dialogue and emotions of students of the times.