Tonirovka

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tonirovka

 

in Russian, the treatment of metal sculpture with various chemicals to achieve a sharper, clearer plastic form. The word is also used to denote oxidation and patination in sculpture. In addition, tonirovka is the application of paint to cover white and other spots in restoring paintings and engravings.

REFERENCES

Odnoralov, N. V. Dekorativnaia otdelka skul’ptur i khudozhestvennykh izdelii iz metalla. Moscow, 1954.
Kalish, M. K. Estestvennye zashchitnyeplenki na mednykh splavakh. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.