Tonkin Gulf resolution


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Tonkin Gulf resolution,

in U.S. history, Congressional resolution passed in 1964 that authorized military action in Southeast Asia. On Aug. 4, 1964, North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin were alleged to have attacked without provocation U.S. destroyers that were reporting intelligence information to South Vietnam. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his advisers decided upon immediate air attacks on North Vietnam in retaliation; he also asked Congress for a mandate for future military action. On Aug. 7, Congress passed a resolution drafted by the administration authorizing all necessary measures to repel attacks against U.S. forces and all steps necessary for the defense of U.S. allies in Southeast Asia. Although there was disagreement in Congress over the precise meaning of the Tonkin Gulf resolution, Presidents Johnson and Richard M. Nixon used it to justify later military action in Southeast Asia. The measure was repealed by Congress in 1970. Retired Vietnamese general Vo Nguyen Giap, in a 1995 meeting with former Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, categorically denied that the North Vietnamese had attacked the U.S. destroyers on Aug. 4, 1964, and in 2001 it was revealed that President Johnson, in a taped conversation with McNamara several weeks after passage of the resolution, had expressed doubt that the attack ever occurred.
References in periodicals archive ?
As with many Senators, based on the Johnson administration's urgent appeal, Byrd voted for the Tonkin Gulf Resolution.
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And as a Democrat, Morse's opposition to the Johnson administration's Tonkin Gulf Resolution authorizing military action in Vietnam cost him his seat in 1968.
destroyer; it was the claim President Johnson used to persuade the Senate to approve the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, committing the country to the Vietnam War.
In August 1964, while still an advocate of executive power, Fulbright shepherded the infamous Tonkin Gulf Resolution through the U.
The 14 primary sources include the Vietnamese Declaration of Independence (modeled on the American Declaration of Independence, the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, the anti-war statement of the Student Non-violent Coordiating Committee, American GI letters home from Vietnam, addresses by Johnson and Nixon, and the Paris Peace Accords.
senators to vote against the Tonkin Gulf resolution on August 7, 1964.
Further, it will be useful in the classroom because so much of the modern history of the Oval Office is here, including concise explanations of the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, the Watergate and Iran-Contra scandals, budgetary battles, the FISA court, and the Office of the Independent Counsel.
destroyer causes Congress to pass the Tonkin Gulf Resolution.
Senate--Congress enacted the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, which recited that
Based on the information they had, plus strong anti-Communist attitudes, Congress overwhelmingly passed the Tonkin Gulf Resolution.
It is a Tonkin Gulf resolution without a Tonkin Gulf incident.