Tonkin Gulf resolution


Also found in: Legal.

Tonkin Gulf resolution,

in U.S. history, Congressional resolution passed in 1964 that authorized military action in Southeast Asia. On Aug. 4, 1964, North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin were alleged to have attacked without provocation U.S. destroyers that were reporting intelligence information to South Vietnam. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his advisers decided upon immediate air attacks on North Vietnam in retaliation; he also asked Congress for a mandate for future military action. On Aug. 7, Congress passed a resolution drafted by the administration authorizing all necessary measures to repel attacks against U.S. forces and all steps necessary for the defense of U.S. allies in Southeast Asia. Although there was disagreement in Congress over the precise meaning of the Tonkin Gulf resolution, Presidents Johnson and Richard M. Nixon used it to justify later military action in Southeast Asia. The measure was repealed by Congress in 1970. Retired Vietnamese general Vo Nguyen Giap, in a 1995 meeting with former Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, categorically denied that the North Vietnamese had attacked the U.S. destroyers on Aug. 4, 1964, and in 2001 it was revealed that President Johnson, in a taped conversation with McNamara several weeks after passage of the resolution, had expressed doubt that the attack ever occurred.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
It was the year the Tonkin Gulf Resolution was approved by Congress, basically starting America's total involvement in the Vietnam War.
As with many Senators, based on the Johnson administration's urgent appeal, Byrd voted for the Tonkin Gulf Resolution. He later said that based on later revelations that the American ships had not been attacked and the war's disastrous record, he deeply regretted that vote.
Contents War Dates Indian Wars Spanish-American War Mexican Border Period World War I World War I Against Germany World War I Against Austria-Hungary World War II World War II with Germany World War II with Japan World War II with Italy World War II with Bulgaria World War II with Hungary World War II with Romania Korean Conflict Vietnam Era Tonkin Gulf Resolution Conflicts in Lebanon 1982-1983 and Grenada 1983 Persian Gulf War Current Conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) Operation New Dawn (OND) Contacts Author Contact Information War Dates
troops had been stationed in Vietnam for years before formally inaugurating a combat mission there in 1964 with the signing of the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, the official beginning of the U.S.
* 1964: Incident involving US and DRV naval forces resulted in the passage by the US Congress of the Tonkin Gulf Resolution on 7 August, authorizing President Lyndon Johnson broad latitude in the use of military force in Vietnam.
And as a Democrat, Morse's opposition to the Johnson administration's Tonkin Gulf Resolution authorizing military action in Vietnam cost him his seat in 1968.
destroyer; it was the claim President Johnson used to persuade the Senate to approve the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, committing the country to the Vietnam War.
In August 1964, while still an advocate of executive power, Fulbright shepherded the infamous Tonkin Gulf Resolution through the U.S.
The 14 primary sources include the Vietnamese Declaration of Independence (modeled on the American Declaration of Independence, the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, the anti-war statement of the Student Non-violent Coordiating Committee, American GI letters home from Vietnam, addresses by Johnson and Nixon, and the Paris Peace Accords.
senators to vote against the Tonkin Gulf resolution on August 7, 1964.
Further, it will be useful in the classroom because so much of the modern history of the Oval Office is here, including concise explanations of the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, the Watergate and Iran-Contra scandals, budgetary battles, the FISA court, and the Office of the Independent Counsel.
destroyer causes Congress to pass the Tonkin Gulf Resolution. The resolution grants President Lyndon B.