Tonle Sap


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Tônlé Sap

(tŏn`lā säp) [great lake], lake, central Cambodia; largest lake of SE Asia. It occupies the depression of the Cambodian plain and is fed by many streams; the Tônlé Sap River, c.70 mi (110 km) long, drains the lake S into the Mekong River near Phnom Pénh. At low water in the dry season (Nov.–May), the lake covers c.1,100 sq mi (2,850 sq km). During the summer floods, however, the waters of the Mekong back up into Tônlé Sap (which forms a natural reservoir) raising the lake's level c.30 ft (9 m) and more than tripling its area. Approximately 2,500 sq mi (6,475 sq km) of surrounding forest are inundated by the floodwaters and provide a breeding ground for fish. The fisheries of the lake are one of Cambodia's major natural resources. The Tônlé Sap lake and river are also part of an important inland waterway system.

Tonle Sap

 

(Tonle Sab), a lake in Kampuchea, the largest lake on the Indochinese Peninsula. The area of the Tonle Sap ranges from 2,500–3,000 sq km in the dry winter season to 10,000 sq km or more in the summer monsoon season. The depth of the lake varies from 1–2 m in the winter to 10–14 m in the summer. The Tonle Sap is connected to the Mekong River by the Tonle Sap River. During the Mekong’s high water, the Tonle Sap River flows backward into the lake. At the onset of the dry season, water resumes flowing from the lake into the Mekong, leaving behind a broad area of land enriched with silt; this land is used for cultivation of rice. The Tonle Sap teems with fish, primarily carp and closely related species. The lakeshores are densely populated, and the people live in characteristic pile dwellings. Near the northern shore is Angkor, a group of architectural monuments built between the ninth and 13th centuries.


Tonle Sap

 

(Tonle Sab), a river in Cambodia (Kampuchea), a right tributary of the Mekong River. The Tonle Sap River flows out of the lake Tonle Sap. The river is 112 km long and drains an area of approximately 85,000 sq km. Its mean flow rate is 800 cu m per sec. The river is navigable. During the Mekong’s high water, the Tonle Sap flows backward. The city of Kampong Chhnang is situated on the Tonle Sap, and Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia (Kampuchea), is at the river’s mouth.

Tonle Sap

a lake in W central Cambodia, linked with the Mekong River by the Tonle Sap River. Area: (dry season) about 2600 sq. km (1000 sq. miles); (rainy season) about 10 000 sq. km (3860 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Its additional financing for the Tonle Sap Poverty Reduction and Smallholder Development Project will further improve agriculture productivity and diversify Tonle Sap Basin's economy to benefit smallholder farmers in Banteay Meanchey, Kampong Cham, Kampong Thom, Siem Reap, and Tboung Khmum.
The Tonle Sap Poverty Reduction and Smallholder Development Project was originally approved in December 2009 with a total amount of $51.
Travel in style on the mighty Mekong with AmaWaterways newest addition, the RV AmaDara Leaving Siem Reap behind, head to the Tonle Sap river to pick up AmaWaterways newest luxury river cruiser the RV AmaDara.
PHNOM PENH (CyHAN)- Fireworks were shot into the sky over Tonle Sap River in front of the Royal Palace here Thursday night to celebrate the 62nd birthday of Cambodian King Norodom Sihamoni.
Between the eighty-seven-mile-long Tonle Sap Lake and the Kulen Hills, lay the astonishing remains of the Khmer Kingdom, one of the most majestic and artistically gifted civilizations in the world.
Sue Perkins making friends in Kampong Pluk, Tonle Sap lake, Cambodia, on her journey down the Mekong
It is here that the Tonle Sap - the largest freshwater lake in South East Asia - converges with the mighty Mekong River and infuses the city with a seemingly never-ending sense of activity.
In 2011, in response to a Tonle Sap Authority (TSA) report, an MAFF undersecretary of state acknowledged in an internal report that 'there are always illegal activities within lots', though he had some doubts about the picture given by the Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology.
It is here that the Tonle Sap - the largest freshwater lake in south-east Asia - converges with the mighty Mekong River and infuses the city with a seemingly never-ending sense of activity.
Nola Cooke, for example, demonstrates how Chinese involvement in every stage of the export industry of fishing on the Tonle Sap Great Lake transformed the industry in the late nineteenth century.
Caption: October 24, 2013 Typhoon Nari made landfall in mid-October 2013 after heavy seasonal rains, flooding areas along the Mekong told Tonle Sap Rivers in Cambodia
Vers 18h30 (11h30 GMT), un feu d'artifice a eclate autour du crematorium pendant que des canons disposes le long du fleuve Tonle Sap crachaient quelques salves solennelles.