Tonle Sap

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Tônlé Sap

(tŏn`lā säp) [great lake], lake, central Cambodia; largest lake of SE Asia. It occupies the depression of the Cambodian plain and is fed by many streams; the Tônlé Sap River, c.70 mi (110 km) long, drains the lake S into the Mekong River near Phnom Pénh. At low water in the dry season (Nov.–May), the lake covers c.1,100 sq mi (2,850 sq km). During the summer floods, however, the waters of the Mekong back up into Tônlé Sap (which forms a natural reservoir) raising the lake's level c.30 ft (9 m) and more than tripling its area. Approximately 2,500 sq mi (6,475 sq km) of surrounding forest are inundated by the floodwaters and provide a breeding ground for fish. The fisheries of the lake are one of Cambodia's major natural resources. The Tônlé Sap lake and river are also part of an important inland waterway system.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tonle Sap

 

(Tonle Sab), a lake in Kampuchea, the largest lake on the Indochinese Peninsula. The area of the Tonle Sap ranges from 2,500–3,000 sq km in the dry winter season to 10,000 sq km or more in the summer monsoon season. The depth of the lake varies from 1–2 m in the winter to 10–14 m in the summer. The Tonle Sap is connected to the Mekong River by the Tonle Sap River. During the Mekong’s high water, the Tonle Sap River flows backward into the lake. At the onset of the dry season, water resumes flowing from the lake into the Mekong, leaving behind a broad area of land enriched with silt; this land is used for cultivation of rice. The Tonle Sap teems with fish, primarily carp and closely related species. The lakeshores are densely populated, and the people live in characteristic pile dwellings. Near the northern shore is Angkor, a group of architectural monuments built between the ninth and 13th centuries.


Tonle Sap

 

(Tonle Sab), a river in Cambodia (Kampuchea), a right tributary of the Mekong River. The Tonle Sap River flows out of the lake Tonle Sap. The river is 112 km long and drains an area of approximately 85,000 sq km. Its mean flow rate is 800 cu m per sec. The river is navigable. During the Mekong’s high water, the Tonle Sap flows backward. The city of Kampong Chhnang is situated on the Tonle Sap, and Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia (Kampuchea), is at the river’s mouth.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tonle Sap

a lake in W central Cambodia, linked with the Mekong River by the Tonle Sap River. Area: (dry season) about 2600 sq. km (1000 sq. miles); (rainy season) about 10 000 sq. km (3860 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
They stated that the mollusks are caught near Tonle Sap Lake. Reasons for the higher prevalence in school A than schools B, C and D are unclear.
In addition to visiting tourist sites such as the ancient stone temples of Angkor Wat and the floating villages of the Tonle Sap lake, participants spend time in a rural village.
I visited one of the floating health clinics on Tonle Sap Lake, where portable medical equipment was carried by small power boats to what looked like nothing more than a large floating raft.
Although Bon Om Touk is much beloved for providing opportunities to watch boat races, slurp fertilized duck eggs, and indulge in flirtation, the festival celebrates historic Khmer maritime prowess and an even older phenomenon--the reversal of the flow of the Tonle Sap Lake. This switch brings streams of fish that provide 60 percent of the country's overall inland catch.
The Tonle Sap River connects the Mekong with the massive Tonle Sap Lake. During the rainy season "reverse flow" from the Mekong feeds the Tonle Sap Lake, increasing its area by up to 3 times the dry-season area (Hori, 2000).
This assistance will benefit more than 350,000 people living in 40 communes around Tonle Sap Lake, the statement said.
Phnom Penh lies at the confluence of the Mekong River, the Bassac River and the channel flowing from Tonle Sap Lake. The capital of Cambodia since the mid-15th century and the country's largest city, it has a population estimated at 1.3 million.
Not far from Angkor and Siem Reap lies Tonle Sap Lake, home to 10,000 people living on a permanently floating village called Kompong Luong.
It includes two nights room-only at Bangkok Marriott Resort & Spa,four nights full-board at the City Angkor Hotel (or similar)in Siem Reap, three nights full board at Cambodian a Hotel in Phnom Penh and five nights B&B at Sheraton Krabi Beach Resort Including flights with Thai Airways, package starts at pounds 1,868per person (two sharing).At peak times,other hotels of similar standard are used Domestic flights from regional airports to London can be arranged by Kuoni from pounds 86 return nCambodia info: www.kuoni.co.ukvillage on Tonle Sap lake use small wooden boats to get around and we spent an enjoyable afternoon chugging past schools, shops and homes on a slightly bigger version.
CAMBODIA: A boat carrying about 30 passengers capsized in a swollen stream linked to Cambodia's Tonle Sap lake, killing eight of them, police said today.