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inflammation of the palatine tonsils, causing enlargement, occasionally to the extent that they nearly touch one another
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



inflammation of the tonsils, especially the palatine tonsils. The inflammation may be acute (seeANGINA) or chronic. Although chronic tonsillitis may develop independently, it more frequently follows episodes of catarrhal tonsillitis or of other infectious diseases—such as scarlet fever, measles, and diphtheria—that are accompanied by inflammation of the pharyngeal mucous membranes.

Allergy to streptococci and adenoviruses is an important factor in the development of tonsillitis. In cases of chronic tonsillitis, there is ulceration of the mucosa, granulation, small abscesses within the tonsils themselves, and proliferation of the connective tissues. In its simple form, chronic tonsillitis is characterized by local symptoms only—for example, sore throat; in its toxic-allergic form, it is accompanied by such general symptoms as persistent cervical lymphadenitis, elevated body temperature, and cardiac changes. Chronic tonsillitis may contribute to the development or aggravation of other diseases, such as rheumatism, nephritis, and thyrotoxicosis.

Simple chronic tonsillitis is treated by antimicrobial means, irrigation of the lateral lacunae, or physiotherapy. Tonsillectomy, or surgical removal of the tonsils, may be prescribed in cases of pronounced toxic-allergic tonsillitis.


Lopotko, I. A., and O. Iu. Lakotkina. Ostryi i khronicheskii tonzillit, ikh oslozhneniia i sviaz’ s drugimi zabolevaniiami. Leningrad, 1963.
Preobrazhenskii, B. S., and G. N. Popova. Angina, chronicheskii tonzillit i sopriazhennye s nimi zabolevaniia. Moscow, 1970.
Fioretti, A. Die Gaumenmandel. Stuttgart, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Inflammation of the tonsils.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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She then withdrew from the world half-marathon championships in England this month due to tonsilitis.
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Glandular fever in April 2011 disrupted her preparations for a disappointing 2011 worlds but worse was to come when she failed to qualify for London because of recurrent tonsilitis.
Powell hopes to have close to a full squad available although fitness checks will be needed on Neil Thomas (ankle), Craig Garside (calf), Michael Walsh (tonsilitis) and Alan Bull (back and hamstring strain).
Chris Smalling has tonsilitis but will play tonight, while Henri Lansbury is struggling with an ankle problem.
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