Tonton Macoutes

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Tonton Macoutes

(tŏntŏn` mäko͞ot`) [Haitian Creole,=bogeymen], personal police force of dictator Francois DuvalierDuvalier, François
, 1907–71, dictator of Haiti (1957–71). A physician, he became director-general of the national public health service in 1946 and subsequently served as minister of health and of labor.
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 (Papa Doc) of Haiti. Unpaid volunteers who were directly responsible only to Duvalier, they were given virtual license to torture, kill, and extort. They murdered hundreds of Duvalier's opponents, sometimes publicly hanging the corpses as warnings. After Papa Doc's death (1971), his son Jean-Claude DuvalierDuvalier, Jean-Claude
, 1951–2014, president of Haiti (1971–86). At age 19, he was proclaimed "president for life" upon the death of his father, Francois Duvalier.
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 (Baby Doc) changed their name to the National Security Volunteers, though they continued to terrorize the citizenry. After the overthrow of Baby Doc (1986), although officially disbanded, the group continued to spread terror.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Why it has assumed the role of the feared Tonton Macoute force of the Duvalier era in Haiti or that of the one time FSF (Federal Security Force) that Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto created to persecute the opposition.The NAB was a brainchild of the former dictator Pervez Musharraf.
Which country had a secret police force known as the Tonton Macoute? 5.
Named after the Haitian mythological character Tonton Macoute ("uncle bogeyman") who kidnaps and eats children, the force sidelined the FAd'H after Duvalier managed to foil a conspiracy by the armed forces to overthrow him.
Mais en meme temps Claire est courtisee par Caledu, le tonton macoute qui regne en maitre sur la ville.
Papa's reign resulted in more than 30,000 deaths at the hands of his voodoo-following Tonton Macoute militia.
Needless to say, such presence is a reminder of the shabiha -- Syria's state-affiliated, plainclothes security militia -- the Basij in Iran, groups of freelancing paramilitary volunteers, or the Tonton Macoute, units employed by the brutal regime of Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier in Haiti.
3 Which country had a secret police force known as the Tonton Macoute? 4 Which organ of the body is affected by Bright''s Disease?
Greene set The Comedians, a dark, sardonic exploration of social conditions and descent into primitive chaos, in Haiti under the dictator Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier and his violent secret police, the Tonton Macoute, in 1963.
They don't remember the kidnappings, torture and murder of opponents of the Duvaliers, father and son, by the regime's militia, the Tonton Macoute.
The father-and-son dynasty was long accused of using a special security force known as the Tonton Macoute to brutally repress opponents and dissidents.