The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a family of Dutch artists of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Jan Theodoor Toorop (Johannes Toorop). Born Dec. 20, 1858, in Purworejo, Java; died Mar. 3, 1929, in The Hague. Painter, graphic artist, monumental sculptor, enameler, and potter.

Toorop studied in the academies of art of Amsterdam and Brussels from 1881 to 1885. His work was influenced by J. Bastien-Lepage, E. Manet, and J. Ensor, as well as by symbolism and cubism. After his early experiments in plein-air painting and a fascination with social motifs, Toorop turned to religious and symbolic images and a refined stylization of line. His chief works include the stained-glass windows of St. Josefskerk in Nijmegen (1913–15).

Charley Toorop (real name, Annie Caroline Pontifex). Born Mar. 24, 1891, in Katwijk, South Holland; died Nov. 5, 1955, in Bergen, North Holland. Painter.

Toorop studied mainly under her father, Jan Toorop. Her major works are monumental genre scenes, realistic in style, and portraits. Her paintings are permeated with understated emotion and assert the dignity of workers and creative thinkers, for example, Three Generations (1941–50; Boymans–Van Beunigen Museum, Rotterdam).


Siebelhoff, R. The Early Development of Jan Toorop. [Toronto] 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dudok, Hendrik Wijdeveld, Hermann Finsterlin, and Vilmos Huszar, issues were dedicated to Frank Lloyd Wright, Jan Toorop, Josef Hoffmann and Erich Mendelsohn, tackling subjects as varied as Eastern art, Hungarian art, advertising, seashells, skyscrapers and crystals.
Sweden's Nicklas Johansson and the Netherlands' Mike Toorop came second and third to book their Qatar Masters spots.
Pro class third place was taken by Dutch Mike Toorop, who carded three over par today but his previous rounds of 71 and 70 helped him edge French Lionel Weber and overnight joint leader Mateusz Gradecki of Poland, by a stroke.
From 1908 to 1915, Dutch artists Jan Toorop, Piet Mondriaan, Ferdinand Hart Nibbrig, and Jacoba van Heemskerck found themselves drawn to the picturesque coast of Zeeland in the Netherlands, a source of inspiration for many of their luminous landscapes.
For subtropical and tropical forest species, the optimal temperature for germination is usually situated between 20 and 30 [degrees]C, since these temperatures occur in their regions of origin in the period favorable to natural germination (Borges & Toorop, 2015).
In addition, Freneuse describes in detail every statue and painting in which he identifies Astarte's gaze, as well as the works of art that he observes as part of his therapy, familiarizing the reader with artists such as Gustave Moreau, Jan Toorop, James Ensor and Felicien Rops.
(7.) Toorop RJ, Scheltinga MR, Huige MC, Luirink MR.
"Khnopff, Toorop, Minne, und die Wiener Moderne." Sehnsucht nach Gluck: Wiens Aufbruch in die Moderne: Klimt, Kokoschka, Schiele.
Crosses, Christ figures, church interiors, clergymen performing rituals, people in prayer, prophets and pietas not only figure in the work of outspoken late-19th century catholic artists such as Giovanni Segantini (Kissing the Cross, 1882-83), Antoon Derkinderen (High Mass, 1886-87), James Ensor (The Entry of Christ in Brussels, 1898) and Jan Toorop (Sketch for a Resurrection, nd), but also in the work of later artists such as Arnulf Rainer (Cross, 1980--86) and Marc Mulders (Foundation in Christ, 1987) and contemporary artists such as Erzsebet Baerveldt (Pieta, 1992), Mike Kelly (Switching Marys, 2005), Julian Schnabel (Gogoltha, 1980) and Bill Viola (The Greeting, 1995).
He plays mercenary Toorop who is offered the lucrative contract of escorting a young woman, Aurora (Melanie Thierry), from her Neolite convent in Mongolia to the Big Apple.