mastectomy

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mastectomy

(măstĕk`təmē), surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken. The radical mastectomies of the past (which removed not only the breast, but underlying chest muscle and lymph nodes) have largely been replaced by less drastic, but equally effective procedures. For small tumors, lumpectomy, removing just the tumor and a margin of tissue, may be performed. A partial, or segmental, mastectomy removes the cancer, some breast tissue, the lining over the chest, and usually some lymph nodes from under the arm; total or simple mastectomy removes the whole breast; modified radical mastectomy takes the breast, lining over the chest muscles, and lymph nodes.

Breast reconstruction can be done using the patient's own tissue or breast implantsbreast implant,
saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomy as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts.
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. Mammograms and self-conducted breast exams have done much to reduce the need for radical procedures because they have increased early detection of the cancer, allowing it to be treated before it has spread.

mastectomy

[ma′stek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of the breast. Also known as mammectomy.

mastectomy

the surgical removal of a breast
References in periodicals archive ?
In hisJustGivingpage, he wrote: "Right now I'm looking at a three-year waiting list for my top surgery and I can't mentally, physically and emotionally wait that long as I want to get it over and done with so I can live my life to the fullest."
(Gray, 2009a; McKenna, & Bargh, 1998; Ybarra, Mitchell, Palmer, & Reisner, 2015); however, it is unknown how trans individuals will feel after describing fundraising for top surgery and whether any evidence of identity shift or identity reinforcement will take place in this context.
When speaking about gender affirming surgery people usually refer to top surgery or bottom surgery.
It took me 10 years to decide to have top surgery and to realize that I definitely wanted to do that.
His colleagues at the clinic echoed this sentiment; full gender 'alignment' was the ultimate goal for most gender-variant persons, though many settled for hormone and/or 'top surgery' for various reasons, especially the greater risk of genital surgery for female-to-male transsexuals, and a lack of funds.
So if, one day, F Forsyth comes to these parts and gets toothache, don't you think he might fetch up at an awardwinning top surgery and his old shipmate!
But Dr Payne, who is based at Hill Top surgery, said doctors also faced delays finding care packages or outpatient appointments for patients.
In A Boy Named Sue, we watch as Sue/Theo begins intramuscular injections with an unnervingly fat needle and develops coarser skin, a squarer jaw, a cracking and then deepened voice, an Adam's apple, a beard, and male-pattern baldness--cues that fairly quickly make it easy to think of Theo as "he." Many FTMs, if they can afford it, follow up with mastectomies (or, as they say, "top surgery").
This is concerning, a press statement by the National Society of Genetic Counselors says, because "although there is limited research, taking female hormones may increase breast cancer risk in transgender women, especially those with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation." And trans men with the mutations might want to consider a traditional mastectomy versus the usual "top surgery," which leaves some breast tissue in place (and thereby fails to eliminate breast cancer risks).
Although he has changed his name, had top surgery and presents as male, injecting testosterone is not currently an option.