Top-Down Model


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Top-Down Model

(programming)
A method for estimating the overall cost and effort of the proposed software project from global properties of the project. The total cost and schedule is partitioned into components for planning purposes.
References in periodicals archive ?
We don't consider our agency a traditional top-down model either, instead encouraging collaboration on every level so everyone feels they have, and are appreciated for, their voice.
As development theory has advanced in recent years, greater recognition has been paid to the importance of local knowledge and transitioning from the historic 'top-down model' of aid.
Today, farmers are in distress, businessmen are angry over botched tax reforms and most importantly, his core support base of youths are restless because of rising unemployment in Gujarat, a state that has been the laboratory of Modi's top-down model of growth.
We used a top-down model, because leadership creates conditions that allow permission.
This type of top-down model did not influence and improve the health of the community meaningfully.
While human subject research public policy was created using a top-down model from the Federal government, MRC chose to implement federal policy using a hybrid model of implementation that meets federal requirements, while capitalizing on the role the local actors can play in the implementation process.
From the outset, the project aimed to encourage student ownership and agency, and deliberately avoided a top-down model in which faculty would guide the research activities.
Now this top-down model of online learning is being joined by a surge in new commercial and university offerings.
Barclays Plc analyst, Ian Scott, and colleagues said, 'Although bottom-up analysts have already increased their 2015 revenue growth forecasts from 2 percent to 4 percent since late January, our top-down model suggests a further acceleration is imminent, with 6 percent likely for the year as a whole.
Whereas the top-down model suggests that producers largely determine how consumers behave, the bottom-up model suggests that consumers decide how markets operate.