Barclays Plc analyst, Ian Scott, and colleagues said, 'Although bottom-up analysts have already increased their 2015 revenue growth forecasts from 2 percent to 4 percent since late January, our top-down model
suggests a further acceleration is imminent, with 6 percent likely for the year as a whole.
This capability trap has been facilitated by four conditions; (i) high expectations on the government without sequencing or prioritization, (ii) more weight on immediate results than on establishing capable institutions, (iii) a limited menu of acceptable options for institutional arrangements, leading to strong pressures for simple 'transplantation', and (iv) a top-down model
government to assist such projects, encouraging native initiatives instead of the old top-down model
of government assistance.
But it is becoming increasingly clear that our top-down model
can no longer do justice to taxpayers, public programs, or future generations of Canadians.
A top-down model
is essentially a financial/accounting model that starts with actual investments and costs and attempts to make adjustments to reflect a forward-looking approach.
one trajectory of thought asks why the dominant top-down model
(modernization theory) in development communication projects failed to improve people's lives in the southern hemisphere.
The top-down model
does not reflect recent private-sector management models, which emphasize flat, lean, flexible, team-based organizations.
Grassroots efforts start from the bottom and grow outward while national syndication utilizes a top-down model
Instead humans are best understood as agents in a social world whose functioning is best understood through a top-down model
in which higher level capacities (e.
Also, by having more bottom-up organizing, we're enabling local organizers to rise to positions of leadership much more quickly than with the old top-down model
, where you have to wait your turn and "sit in all the chairs," so to speak, before you are given the chance to lead.
Therefore, this top-down model
, Rose suggests, actually sowed the seed for the resurfacing of war-related problems after the 1980s when reconciliation became pluralized and began to incorporate other nongovernmental actors.
Viguier (2005) A Coupled Bottom-up Top-down Model
for GHG Abatement Scenarios in the Swiss Housing Sector.