topical

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topical

(of a drug, ointment, etc.) for application to the body surface; local
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Out of both the treatments, burnt engine oil showed complete recovery after 3 topical applications, where as the treatment with 10% Copper sulphate required 4 topical application to cure lesions in affected Gir calves, considering the treatment with burnt engine oil was more effective and hastened recovery as compared to 10% CuS[O.sub.4].
To determine any systemic hematologic or inflammatory effects from the topical application of complement, CBC, CRP, C3, and C4 blood levels were analyzed after the surgery and the day of sacrifice.
It may be a useful topical application in cases of hair loss.
The efficacy test of wood vinegar by topical application method is shown on Table 1.
Because of their small size, nanoparticles (NPs) are able to translocate from the interstitial region of the lung after respiratory exposure or they may penetrate through the skin after topical application, reaching different organs of the body such as liver, spleen, kidney, and brain through blood circulation.
The objective of this study was to determine phenol red thread test (PRTT) values in eyes of clinically normal Hispaniolan Amazon parrots before and after topical application of an ophthalmic anesthetic agent and compare findings with Schirmer tear test (STT) values.
For at least 2700 years, honey has been used by humans to treat a variety of ailments through topical application, but only recently have the antiseptic and antibacterial properties of honey been chemically explained.- TradeArabia News Service
Bioderm Research (Scottsdale, AZ) has patented Schiff's bases derived from amino acids and hydroxyaryl alkyl ketones, or a plant extract containing the same, for topical application. This invention also relates to certain metal complex of said Schiff's bases, which have a crown-like appearance in their three-dimensional chemical structure.
The new technology - a needle-free "jet" injection - is more effective than topical application on the skin, they said.
We recently encountered a patient who developed severe hypertension and unilateral pupillary dilatation under general anaesthesia for nasal following topical application of phenylephrine.
Topical application of zeolite showed the potential for reducing emissions of several compounds from manure storage, with the effectiveness of treatment proportional to the zeolite application rate.