Topographic Anatomy

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Related to Topographic Anatomy: anatomical topography

topographic anatomy

[¦täp·ə¦graf·ik ə′nad·ə·mē]
The use of bony and soft tissue landmarks on the surface of the body to indicate the known location of deeper structures.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anatomy, Topographic


the study of the relative positions of the body’s organs and systems under both normal and pathological conditions and as a factor of age, sex, and constitutional differences. Topographic anatomical data form the basis for rational operative access to individual organs.

In the USSR, topographic anatomy and operative surgery together constitute an independent area of instruction—a theoretical medical discipline preparatory to clinical surgery. In addition to generally used methods, topographic anatomy includes the use of frozen or otherwise fixed cadaver sections and roentgenology. As a scientific discipline, topographic anatomy is based on the works of N. I. Pirogov and of such earlier anatomists as I. V. Bui-al’skii. Other anatomists and surgeons who subsequently contributed to this field in Russia and the USSR included A. A. Bobrov, P. I. D’iakonov, V. N. Shevkunenko, S. I. Spasokukotskii, A. V. Martynov, A. V. Vishnevskii, B. V. Petrovskii, V. V. Kovanov, Iu. M. Lopukhin, and B. V. Ognev. In other countries, research and instruction in topographic anatomy fall within the departmental scope of surgery.


Pirogov, N. I. Khirurgicheskaia anatomiia arterial’nykh stvolov i fastsii, nos. 1–5. St. Petersburg, 1881–82. (Translated from German.)
Lektsii topograficheskoi anatomii i operativnoi khirurgii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1908.
Kratkii kurs operativnoi khirurgii s topograficheskoi anatomiei. [Leningrad] 1951.
Ognev, B. V., and V. Kh. Frauchi. Topograficheskaia i klinicheskaia anatomiia. Moscow, 1960.
Uderman, Sh. I. Izbrannye ocherki istorii otechestvennoi khirurgii XIX stoletiia. Leningrad, 1970.
Ostroverkhov, G. E., D. N. Lubotskii, and Iu. M. Bomash. Operativnaia khirurgiia i topograficheskaia anatomiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1972.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical implications of topographic anatomy on the ganglion impar.
We present the topographic anatomy of the El muscle with a double tendon and discuss its functional and clinical implications.
With this study, to present anatomical information about topographic anatomy of cervicothoracic ganglion and the relation of this ganglion with sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves course on the same region and also to reveal similarities and differences that may be associated with the subject among other ruminants.
Considering that the topical points of EAV are 2 mm in diameter, and the skin surface of adults about 18,000 cm2 (men) or 16,000 [cm.sup.2] (women), it is quite an imposing task and learning curve to become specialist in topographic anatomy and skilled in EAV measurement.