Toprakkale


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Toprakkale

 

an elevation on the northeastern outskirts of the city of Van in Turkey; from the eighth to sixth centuries B.C., the site of the fortress of Rusahinili, the residence of the kings of Urartu. The fortress was built next to the city of Tushpa, the Urartu capital. Archaeological excavations at Toprakkale have been carried on intermittently since 1879 by British, German, and Russian teams. Palace and temple remains have been examined, and many objects characteristic of the Urartu culture have been found—mainly bronze and ivory figurines of deities and griffins. Finds from the 1916 excavations by I. A. Orbeli and N. Ia. Marr are in the Hermitage museum in Leningrad.

REFERENCE

Piotrovskii, B. B. Vanskoe tsarstvo. Moscow, 1959.
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Contract Awarded for Alexander-Pomegranate Line Cut in the Station Information Transmission, Telephone Communication with Toprakkale Central Card Info for Unit of Work.
Toprakkale Camisi'ne her Dikecik nam karyesinin erba-i imhasina kim imam ve hatip olursa mutasarif ola (12a-b).
Exhibits from Iron Age Anatolia include examples of some of the finest pieces in the British Museum's Anatolian collection, the unique bronzes excavated at the temple at Toprakkale in the eastern kingdom of Uratu.
damascenus can be presented as follows: Izmir prov.: Bornova, Antalya prov.: Alanya (Demelt and Alkan, 1962; Demelt, 1963); Hatay prov.: Yukari Ekinci village, Kahramanmaras prov.: Pazarcik, Osmaniye prov.: Urun plateau, Karacalar village, Kazmaca village, Cona village, Bocekli village, Toprakkale (Ozdikmen et al., 2010); Antalya prov.: Akseki-Manavgat road, Konya prov.: Taskent-Alanya road, between Hadim-Bozkir, Taskent: Ilicapinar, Hadim-Alanya road, Sarimut-Karapinar, Bozkir (Turgut and Ozdikmen, 2010); Hakkari prov.: Kolbasi, Mus prov.: Buglan pass, Tunceli prov.: 16 km S of Pulumur (Sama et al., 2012); Karabuk prov.: Eskipazar (Yardibi and Tozlu, 2013).
Contract Awarded for Adana - Toprakkale Preparation of the Stations of the Cross 76.4 Km Long Segment~s Expropriation Plan.
Noting that the lions and bulls on a shield dedicated by him are closer to eighth-century types than Rusa II's, Seidl explores the thesis that Rusa, son of Erimena, actually preceded Rusa II and might even have been the founder of Rusahinili Qilbanikai (Toprakkale).
Contract Awarded for Karayazi - Yk SE[micro]ylemez (Sheriff Field), Ulucanlar, Tosunl, Yenikoy, Yolgoren, the Hinis - Diagnosis (Khan Maher), Sehabettin + Etl, Kong, Tasbudak (Yyy) Drinking Water Construction, Hinis - Toprakkale Sewerage.
Among the topics are permanent or seasonal: evidence of settlements in Late Chalcolithic Western Anatolia, weeping figurines: functions and symbolism of some rare mourning records found inside ancient Egyptian tombs, Mesopotamian incense burners from the third and second millennia BC: an archaeological approach, the role of the rosette motif and non-verbal communication as embedded elements of warfare and violence: whether ancient Cyprus is a unique case, and the Toprakkale Castle at the Arab-Byzantine frontier: textual sources and notes on archaeology.