Toradja

Toradja

 

the collective name for numerous related peoples and tribes—among them the Sadang, Palu, Poso, and Koro—that make up the indigenous population of central Sulawesi in Indonesia. They number about 1.4 million people (1975, estimate). Their language is related to the Indonesian languages. The main occupation of the Toradja is land cultivation (rice, potatoes, sweet potatoes, and legumes); they also raise buffalo. The Toradja were formerly famous for making clothing from tapa. They adhere mainly to the traditional tribal rites; Christianity and Islam were introduced in the late 19th century. The Toradja social structure retains significant tribal vestiges.

REFERENCE

Narody Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.
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De ahi que cuando esta lista la nueva casa, el morador toradja de Celebes mata una cabra, un cerdo o un bufalo y unta todas las partes de madera con la sangre.
29) For example, the Indonesian Toradja society was once cashless and its people had no desire for money or goods that might be purchased with cash.
Even further afield, throughout hinterland Southeast Asia and Indonesia--from Assam to western New Guinea, including such peoples as the Nagas, Ifugao, Iban, Toradja, and Marind Anim--the ritual domestication of enemy heads in sacrifices and headfeasts transforms them into means of sustaining the lives and livelihood of their captors.
Males more prominent Montagnais Alorese or women restricted in Salteaux Aranda religious rituals Kaska Kutenai Haida Hadatsa Omaha Aztec Creek Quiche Comanche Bribri Zuni Goajire Papago Callinago Cubeo Siriono Inca Trumai Kwoma Kurds Ajie Palauans Both participate, no Irish Iban restriction for women in Punjabi Kiman religious rituals Garo Marquesans Tanela Tuareg Truk Both, but women more Toradja prominent Tehuelche Missing Romans Siuai Kazak Pentecost Lolo Adamanese Lesu Computer Ready Data obtained from World Cultures Electronic Database.
Fifty years ago, a majority of village men had some experience of timber-camp work, either briefly in order to collect bridewealth or more regularly: in either case, it was usual for men to live alone in the camp with Kadazan, Iban, Timorese, and Toradja non-Muslim co-workers in "Chinese" camps, and Bugis, Javanese, and Suluk working with indigenous Muslims in "Malay" camps.
Siuai Sugbuhanon Sumbanese Tanimbarese Tannese Tasmanians Tikopia Tiwi Tobelorese Tokelau Toradja Trobriands Ulawans Ulithians Vanua Levu Walbiri (*) Wantoat Wikmunkan Wogeo Wongaibon Yapese (*) North American Societies (of 69 culture clusters, 64 sampled) Acoma Antarianunts Apache, West.
Elle a deja consacre un ouvrage reste fameux aux rites funeraires des Toradja : Rambu Solo', la fumee descend.
Ces recits, en meme temps qu'ils temoignent de douleurs propres a la societe toradja, de drames et dangers qui la menacent, marquent avec finesse et force un espoir de les depasser, de les vaincre, de les annihiler, et donc ils illustrent la main tendue des Toradja vers le reste de l'humanite qui partage les memes angoisses et mene une identique quete d'hypothetiques solutions.
Soulignons que la clarte du style, precis, chirurgical meme, la richesse des materiaux ethnographiques proposes font de cette introduction un ouvrage dans l'ouvrage, en forme de monographie dediee a cette societe d'Indonesie, fameuse notamment pour ses expressions esthetiques, tant architecturales que rituelles ; la presence de cette introduction, comme celle des index detailles, font de ce livre un veritable ouvrage de reference general sur les Toradja.
Outre des elements d'information de prime importance, ces recits revelent surtout une maniere autre de se concevoir et de concevoir le monde, une maniere proprement toradja, et proposent egalement la chair ethnographique necessaire a saisir dans leur fonctionnement quotidien des institutions aussi celebres--et pourtant si meconnues--que la dichotomie << ainecadet >> ou encore l'importance de la surnature et des signes issus de celle-ci ou proposes vers celle-ci, omnipresentes en Asie du Sud-est mais encore trop ignorees de la plupart des etrangers aux cultures et societes d'Asie du Sud-Est et d'Extreme-Orient.
Rambu Solo', "La Fumee Descend": Le Culte des Morts Chez les Toradja du Sud.