Torbern Olof Bergman

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bergman, Torbern Olof


Born Mar. 20, 1735, in Ka-trineberg; died July 8,1784, in Medevi. Swedish chemist and mineralogist.

Bergman graduated from the University of Uppsala, where he was a teacher of mathematics and physics from 1758 and a professor of chemistry and mineralogy from 1767. He developed a systematic approach to qualitative analysis. He perfected this analysis through the use of a blowpipe; he also made considerable use of weight analysis. Bergman discovered a number of minerals and classified them in terms of their chemical composition. He advanced a mechanistic theory of selective chemical affinity. Mistakenly assuming that in any given situation the affinity between two substances remains constant and does not depend on the relative masses of the reacting substances, Bergman composed tables of chemical affinity, which were used until the beginning of the 19th century.


Opuscula physica et chemica. . . , vols. 1–6. Stockholm [and elsewhere], 1779–90.


Blokh, M. A. “Torbern Bergman.” In Akademiku V. I. Vernad-skomu: K 50-letiiu nauchnoi i pedagogicheskoi deiatel’nosti, vol. 2. Moscow, 1936.
Partington, J. R. A History of Chemistry, vol. 3. New York, 1962. Pages 179–99.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Al hablar de la Quimica analitica hemos visto como la publicacion en 1778 de la gran obra de Torbern Olof Bergman, "De analysi aquarum", constituye la pieza clave en el desarrollo del analisis cuantitativo de las aguas, siendo inmediatamente traducida al ingles y ampliada con analisis de aguas minerales suecas.