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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city and center of Toropets Raion, Kalinin Oblast, RSFSR. Situated at the point where the Toropa River flows into Lake Solomeno. Station on the Bologoe-Velikie Luki railroad line. Population, 17,000 (1974).

Toropets became known in 1074 as a city in the Smolensk Principality. In 1167 it became the center of an independent principality, and in the mid-14th century it became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1503, Toropets became part of the Muscovite state. In the early 17th century it was destroyed by the Poles. It became part of Izhora Land in 1708 and a district center of Pskov Province in 1777. Soviet power was established in Toropets on Oct. 30 (Nov. 12), 1917. Since 1935 the city has been part of Kalinin Oblast. From Aug. 29, 1941, through Jan. 21, 1942, Toropets was occupied by fascist German troops.

Toropets has a meat-packing plant, a creamery, and a distillery. Other enterprises include a repair plant, a furniture factory, and a foundry, as well as garment and footwear factories. Among the city’s educational and cultural institutions are an agricultural technicum and a museum of local lore.

In the second half of the 18th century, a regular plan was adopted for Toropets. The city’s architectural monuments include the Nikol’skaia Church (1666–69), the Kazan Church (1698–1765), the Church of St. John the Baptist (1703), the Church of the Epiphany (1764), the Church of Pokrov (1777), and residential buildings from the mid-18th to the first half of the 19th century.


Galashevich, A. Toropets i ego okreslnosti. Moscow, 1972.
Toropets. Moscow, 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of course, the ratios were not the same everywhere; in places like Toropets, a frontier town where soldiers were based, men and women accounted for almost identical shares of the total, but in Viatka, far from the center and without a garrison, there were only about four-fifths as many men as women.(73) Consequently, if poverty afflicted men and women at about the same rates, the ratio should hold steady.
In Toropets, for example, widowed female heads of household accounted for almost 40 percent of all poor households, but more than half of poor households among the trading and craft population.
Poor Households Percent Households(*) Headed by Widows(#) Belev 12 2 16.7 Borovsk 50 22 44.0 Maloiaroslavets 7 5 71.4 Riazan' 33 5 15.2 Toropets 124 47 37.9 Tula 1715 110 34 30.9 Tula 1720 35 3 8.6 Uglich 278 79 28.4 Ustiuzhna 87 19 21.8 Viatka 1710 81 31 38.3 Viatka 1717 29 16 55.2 Zaraisk 24 10 41.7 TOTAL 870 273 31.4 * Total does not include poorhouses (bogadel'ni).
5 (Moscow: Voennoe izdatel'stvo Narodnogo komissariata oborony Soiuza SSR, 1942), 61-62, 79-80, contains information on the murder of the Jews of Velizh and Toropets. See also Altshuler, "The Holocaust in the Soviet Mass Media," 152-60.
Today, in Putin's Russia, through private sponsorship of the restoration of Orthodox churches, religious treasures are returned to their original context or--as in the controversial case of the 14th-century miracle-working Virgin of Toropets icon removed from the Russian Museum, St Petersburg--and re-housed in a new church in an elite gated community.
In March 1588, after returning with an embassy from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, he was transferred to service in the Chancellery of the Kazan Palace, as a consequence of which the Chancellery of the Great Revenue ceased to include a tax district and consequently, no longer received tax district incomes from territories subordinate to Druzhina Petelin (Sol' Vychegodskaia, Kostroma, Toropets, Kargopol', Turchasov, Murom, and Pereslavl'-Zalesskii).