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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of coniferous, evergreen, and usually dioecious trees or shrubs of the family Taxaceae (yew). The plants range in height from 6 to 30 m. The stiff needles are glossy dark-green, with two white bands of stomata below. The micro-strobiles are solitary, and the pollen has no air sacs. The cones, or megastrobiles, are solitary or in pairs on a short axillary branch-let. The seed, which matures in the second year, is surrounded by a reddish fleshy aril, resembling a berry. The plants yield stool shoots and root suckers. They are shade tolerant and slow-growing. Their yellowish, sturdy wood is used for furniture, boxes, and finishing work. Torreya are grown as ornamental hedges; they are propagated from seeds or cuttings.

There are six species, distributed in China, Japan, California, and western Florida. The most common species are T. nucífera, T. californica, and T. taxifolia. The seeds of T. nucífera are edible and yield an oil used by the confectionery industry. In the USSR a few species are occasionally cultivated on the Black Sea Shore of the Crimea and the Caucasus.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Torreya is a global investment banking boutique serving companies in the life sciences industry.
Through Skype I managed to contact the Torreya Guardians' president, Connie Barlow, who also works as a travelling preacher with her husband.
For example, preserves designed to conserve Florida torreya may, even now, not be adequate to protect and promote the growth of existing populations, which are declining.
Wallace (aMNh); 7 [male],5 [female], Liberty County: Torreya Ravine, 30[degrees]34'N084[degrees]56'W, 16 April 1938, W.J.
** Gimnospermas Sequoia ** -- -- -- -- -- -- Cryptomeria ** -- -- -- -- -- -- Taxodium ** -- -- -- -- -- -- Podocarpus ** -- -- -- -- -- -- Torreya ** -- -- -- -- -- -- Ephedra ** ?
The vegetation today in the watershed surrounding Bear Den Cave (1460 m elevation) includes ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), white fir (Abies concolor), canyon live oak (Quercus chrysolepis), incense cedar (Calocedrus decurtens), California bay (Umbellularia californica), California nutmeg (Torreya californica), big-leaf maple (Acer macrophyllum), wood fern (Dryopteris arguta) and others on the north-facing, more mesic, slope where the cave is situated.
Cyrtaucheniidae Myrmekiaphia torreya Gertsch and Wallace, 1936 (8 F)
The enthusiast will search out the rarer trees such as Taiwana cryptomeriodes or Torreya californica.
The plants that did make the list include such high-profile victims of ecological mishaps as the Florida torreya, a tree from the same family as the yew that produces the cancer drug taxol.
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