The plot with only one nitro group rotating is described, as before, by a first-order term, showing that the energy is related to the squared cosine of the torsional angle
of the nitro group.
The structural responses such as displacement, acceleration, and torsional angle
with different control schemes are studied; the damping effect and the movement characteristics of each parts on the TMDPP are analyzed.
Results: In the horizontal torsional fatigue tests, the mean torsional angle
amplitude in Groups A, B, and C were 6.12[degrees], 6.53[degrees], and 6.81[degrees].
The results are the torsional angle
<p, the bending moment [M.sub.y1] ([M.sub.y1] = [[lambda].sub.y]), the axial force [N.sub.1] ([N.sub.1] = [[lambda].sub.z]), the bending moment [M.sub.x], the shear force [Q.sub.y], and the torsion moment [T.sub.z], respectively.
A linear encoder and a rotary encoder are used to measure the axial displacement and torsional angle
of the specimen, respectively.
where M is the applied moment (torque), L is the length of the DWNT, [phi] is the torsional angle
at the end of the tube and [I.sub.p] is the polar moment of inertia, which is calculated as
The conformational analysis for the neutral structures was carried out by changing the torsional angle
([theta], dihedral angle between central two thiophene rings, S-C-C-S) by 20 steps in the same direction between 0 (syn-planar) and 180[degrees] (anti-planar).
When properly installed, it can accept a nominal torsional angle
of up to 8 [degrees]; nominal axial misalignment of 0.125 to 0.375 in.; radial displacement of 0.040 to 0.080; and angular misalignments as high as 3 [degrees].
A new structure of DMF with continuously-variable stiffness is proposed to lower the idle speed of the engine, realize high counter torque at a large torsional angle
, and avoid the impact due to the abrupt changes of stiffness .
The difference in the three models was proposed by comparing the vertical amplitude and the torsional angle
caused by the conductor galloping.
We illustrate here the sensitivity of the quantities [B.sub.l](q, q) to expected torsional angle
changes on photoexcitation.