Arthroplasty

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arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Absence of combined effects of anemia and bilateral surgical status on inpatient rehabilitation outcomes following total knee arthroplasty. Disabil Rehabil.
Meta-analysis and systemic review of clinical outcomes comparing mobile bearing and Fixed bearing Total Knee arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty 2011;26(8):1205-13.
Faster recovery without the use of a tourniquet in total knee arthroplasty. Acta Orthop 2014; 85: 422-6.
Age and preoperative knee society score are significant predictors of outcomes among Asians following total knee arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2016; 98:735-41.
Comparison of simultaneous bilateral and staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty in terms of perioperative complications.
The accuracy of femoral intramedullary guides in total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 1997;12:677-82.
Thromboprophylaxis after minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty: A comparison of rivaroxaban and enoxaparin.
How Much Does the Anatomical Tibial Component Improve the Bony Coverage in Total Knee Arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty, pp.
Masri, "Finding and defining the ideal patellar resection plane in total knee arthroplasty," Journal of Biomechanics, vol.
Considering various meta analyses from different groups, CAS in total knee arthroplasty has been proven to be more accurate regarding restoration of the mechanical axis compared to the conventional technique [1-3].
Jenkins et al., "Acute kidney injury after placement of an antibiotic-impregnated cement spacer during revision total knee arthroplasty," The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol.

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