Arthroplasty

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arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Soft tissue and intra-articular injection of bupivacaine, epinephrine, and morphine has a beneficial effect after total knee arthroplasty.
As mentioned previously, quadriceps weakness following total knee arthroplasty is well described in the literature.
The effect of obesity on direct medical costs in total knee arthroplasty.
Scott, "The evolving incidence and reasons for reoperation after fixed-bearing PCL retaining total knee arthroplasty," The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery--British Volume, vol.
We included a total of 320 patients on whom we performed total knee arthroplasty between 2005-2013 in our study.
Katz also calls for an update to the criteria used to determine which patients are good candidates for total knee arthroplasty.
M2 EQUITYBITES-July 4, 2014-Exactech unveils the Optetrak Logic Porous for total knee arthroplasty, coinciding with the 20th anniversary of the Exactech Knee
5 million Americans are projected to need the surgery, known as total knee arthroplasty, by 2030.

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