Arthroplasty

(redirected from Total Knee Arthroplasty)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms.

arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Figure 3 White, chalky femoral and tibial MSU-covered surfaces removed for resurfacing during left total knee arthroplasty.
The incidence of heterotopic ossification following the total knee arthroplasty changes between 4-42% [5] in literature.
Quadriceps strength in relation to total knee arthroplasty outcomes.
KK and Chiu KY (2001): Use of continuous passive motion after total knee arthroplasty.
Abbreviations: ADL = activities of daily living, BMI = body mass index, BW = body weight, KOS-ADLS = Knee Outcome Survey-Activity of Daily Living Scale, PT = physical therapy, TKA = total knee arthroplasty.
Serum samples were collected by venous puncture from the RA (n = 29) or OA (n = 20) patients about 1 week before the operation of total knee arthroplasty, and stored at -20[degrees]C before being used for the assay.
Bourne discussed total knee arthroplasty in one of the best presentations of the meeting.
One prospective study found them effective in reducing intraoperative blood loss and postoperative drainage from total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
Minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis.
Total knee arthroplasty is associated with severe early postoperative pain (7) and the incidence of chronic neuropathic pain at six months can be as high as 13% (8).
Among the topics are modes of failure in total knee arthroplasty, component removal, deciding on constraint and hinges, managing infection, and salvaging the irretrievably failed total knee arthroplasty.

Full browser ?