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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an American Indian people in Mexico, inhabiting the northern part of the state of Puebla, the adjoining regions of the state of Veracruz, and the eastern part of the state of Hidalgo. They number more than 100,000 (1971, estimate). The Totonac language, one of the Maya-Zoque languages, is still spoken, although many Totonac also speak Spanish. The ethnic territory of the Totonac is the site of numerous archaeological monuments, such as the famous pyramid with niches in El Tajin.

Most Totonac engage in farming, mainly the cultivation of Indian corn. The economy is semisubsistence; in some regions sugarcane and bananas are grown commercially. Since the 1940’s an increasing number of Totonac have been employed in local oil fields; this has accelerated the assimilation of the Totonac to the Spanish-speaking Mexicans migrating to new industrial regions. The Totonac are Catholics, although pre-Christian religions are also practiced.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"I feel very proud to be able to represent this tradition," Heriberto says about the ceremony that he and three other voladores performed in Papantla in eastern Veracruz state, where it is popular among the Totonac people.
Sierra Totonac, a Native American language in Puebla and Veracruz, Mexico, is spoken by 118, 367 people.
(2007) 'Presence of mind as working climate change knowledge: a Totonac cosmopolites' in M.
Through six 18th-century uprisings in the town of Papantla, Veracruz, Frederick examines how the native Totonac perceptions of their own political abilities, their increasingly difficult economic environment, and their sense of justice changed in the wake of colonial reform.
To explore frequencies in Amerindian populations, we evaluated an independent sample of 366 Amerindians from the Consortium for the Study of Genomic Diversity of the Indigenous Populations whose origin is mainly from three indigenous groups (Nahua, Totonac, and Zapotec).