Toul


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Toul

(to͞ol), town (1990 pop. 17,702), Meurthe-et-Moselle dept., NE France, on the Moselle River. It is largely an agricultural center but has clothing and glass industries. A Gallo-Roman city, it became a bishopric in the 4th cent. During the Middle Ages, Toul, along with MetzMetz
, city (2010 est. pop. 127,000), capital of Moselle dept., NE France, on the Moselle River. It is a cultural, commercial, and transportation center of Lorraine, an industrial city producing metals, machinery, tobacco, clothing, and food products, and the home of one of
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 and VerdunVerdun
, town (1990 pop. 23,427), Meuse dept., NE France, in Lorraine, on the Meuse River. A strategic transportation center, Verdun has varied industries and is situated in an agricultural region.
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, was one of the bishoprics vital to the defense of France's eastern border. These bishoprics were almost continuously independent until their seizure by Henry II of France in 1552. Confirmed as a French possession by the Peace of WestphaliaWestphalia, Peace of,
1648, general settlement ending the Thirty Years War. It marked the end of the Holy Roman Empire as an effective institution and inaugurated the modern European state system.
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 in 1648, Toul played a significant role during the Franco-German conflicts of succeeding centuries. A suppression of the episcopal see (c.1801) led to a decline in the city's civil importance. Although severely damaged in the Franco-Prussian WarFranco-Prussian War
or Franco-German War,
1870–71, conflict between France and Prussia that signaled the rise of German military power and imperialism. It was provoked by Otto von Bismarck (the Prussian chancellor) as part of his plan to create a unified German
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 (1870–71) and in World War II, Toul preserves the Church of St. Gengoult (13th and 16th cent.); the Cathedral of St. Étienne (13th–14th cent.); an interesting 17th-century fortified enclosure; and ramparts from Gallo-Roman times and from the 16th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Toul

 

a city in France, in Meurthe-et-Moselle Department. Population, 15,200 (1968). Toul, in antiquity a Gallic settlement, was an episcopal see from the fourth century until 1790. In the tenth century Toul, together with Lorraine, became part of the German kingdom, and in the 13th century, it became an imperial city. Toul, along with the cities of Metz and Verdun, was annexed by France in 1552 (confirmed in 1648 by the Treaty of Westphalia). In the late 17th and early 18th centuries, the French engineer S. Vauban rebuilt the city’s fortifications.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Toul

a town in NE France: a leading episcopal see in the Middle Ages. Pop.: 16 945 (1999)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
They were rushed to Toul's Sheikh Ragheb Harb Hospital.
Most of my tourists are French and German who have already visited Toul Sleng before coming here.
Toul T a, her brother Nick (Louis Mandylor), cousins Nikki (Gia Carides) and Angelo (Joey Fatone), and interfering Aunt V| Back again: Nia Vardalos and John Corbett A oula (Andrea Martin) pledge their support to organising a wedding at short notice so Gus and Maria can tie the knot properly.
Also facing legal action could be prison authorities in Toul, after it emerged that it was standard practice for bin bags to be plastered over windows to allow couples to enjoy privacy during prison visits.
But according to Sayidaty.net, in a phone call made to the star, AKA Shbola, he revealed that he's on the verge of completing a new song titled "Toul Omrena Benheb el Jaish" (We've Always Loved the Military).
Tokyo, Jan 7, 2013 - (JCN Newswire) - Continuing its drive to expand the renewable business all over the world, Mitsubishi Corporation (MC) is pleased to announce its execution to acquire a 50% stake in Toul - Rosieres solar power plant tranche 1 (55MW), from EDF Energies Nouvelles (EDF EN), who owns the remaining 50%.
The European Investment Bank and POWEO Toul Production S.A.S, an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of VERBUND AG, announced, on 14 March, their signature of a 165 million finance contract for the construction and operation of a 413 MW combined-cycle gas turbine power plant in Toul, in Eastern France.
Duch admitted heading the top-secret centre, also known as Toul Sleng, and his conviction comes 31 years after it was discovered by invading Vietnamese troops following the smell of rotting corpses to the gates.
French utility Poweo and Siemens have signed a contract for the turnkey construction of a 413 MW combined-cycle gas turbine (CCGT) power plant at Toul, eastern France.
25 June 2010 - Norwegian oil and gas major Statoil ASA (OSL: STL) said today it will supply for 20 years natural gas to the planned 400 MW combined cycle gas turbine power plant (CCGT) in Toul, France of local electricity and gas provider Poweo (EPA: ALPWO).
The contract has been signed to provide natural gas to the France-based company's planned power plant in Toul, France.
1 Ben Nevis 4406ft 2 Ben Macdui 4296ft 3 Braeriach 4248ft 4 Cairn Toul 4241ft 5 Sgor an Lochain Uaine 4127ft 6 Cairn Gorm 4084ft 7 Aonach Beag 4060ft 8 Carn Mor Dearg 4012ft 9 Aonach Mor 3999ft 10 Ben Lawers 3984ft First out the hat and winner of two nights' bed and breakfast at the Cairngorm Hotel is Mr E.A.