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Touraine(to͞orĕn`), region and former province (until the French Revolution), W central France, centering around Tours (the historic capital) and drained by the Loire, Cher, and Vienne rivers. Roughly coextensive with Indre-et-Loire dept., Touraine, with its fertile valleys, orchards, and vineyards, is known as the "garden of France." Its numerous châteaus (see ChinonChinon
, town (1993 est. pop. 8,961), Indre-et-Loire dept., W central France, in Touraine, on the Vienne River. Chinon was an important medieval town and many buildings (notably three churches) from that period are preserved.
..... Click the link for more information. , Azay-le-RideauAzay-le-Rideau
, village (1993 est. pop. 3,116), Indre-et-Loire dept., N central France, in Touraine. It is the center of a wine-producing area and has a canning industry.
..... Click the link for more information. , ChambordChambord,
château, park, and village (1993 est. pop. 200), all owned by the state, in Loir-et-Cher dept., N central France. The huge Renaissance château, built by Francis I and set in an immense park and forest (c.
..... Click the link for more information. , AmboiseAmboise
, town (1991 pop. 10,972), Indre-et-Loire dept., N central France, in Touraine, on the Loire. It is a wine and wool market, and its manufactures include sporting goods, pharmaceuticals, and film and radio equipment.
..... Click the link for more information. ), built mainly in the 15th and 16th cent., are noted tourist attractions. Descartes, Rabelais, and Balzac were born in Touraine, and the latter two celebrated their birthplace in their writings. Originally the county of Tours, Touraine passed (10th cent.) to the counts of Blois, who ceded it (11th cent.) to the counts of Anjou. Touraine then passed (1152) under English domination and was retaken (1204) by Philip II of France and united with the French crown.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a historic province in western France, situated in the Loire River basin. Most of Touraine is now part of the Indreet-Loire Department. The capital was Tours.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
a former province of NW central France: at its height in the 16th century as an area of royal residences, esp along the Loire. Chief town: Tours
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005