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(dəmfrēs`), town (1991 pop. 31,307), Dumfries and Galloway, SW Scotland, on the Nith River. The chief manufactures include hosiery, knitwear, rubber goods, and canned milk. Dumfries was sacked by the English in 1448, 1536, and 1570. Robert I is said to have killed John ComynComyn, John,
d. 1306, Scottish nobleman. He was called the Red Comyn, to distinguish him from his father, the Black Comyn. Aiding his uncle, John de Baliol, in the struggle against Edward I, he was for a time held hostage by the English.
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 before the altar of Greyfriars Church at Dumfries in 1306. The poet Robert BurnsBurns, Robert,
1759–96, Scottish poet. Life

The son of a hard-working and intelligent farmer, Burns was the oldest of seven children, all of whom had to help in the work on the farm.
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 lived in Dumfries (1791–96) and is buried in St. Michael's Church. Craigenputtock, home of the writer Thomas CarlyleCarlyle, Thomas,
1795–1881, English author, b. Scotland. Early Life and Works

Carlyle studied (1809–14) at the Univ. of Edinburgh, intending to enter the ministry, but left when his doubts became too strong.
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, is nearby. The multi-institutional Crichton Univ. Campus is there.


former county, Scotland: see DumfriesshireDumfriesshire
or Dumfries,
former county, SW Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Dumfriesshire became (1975) part of the new Dumfries and Galloway region (now a council area).
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


a town in S Scotland on the River Nith, administrative centre of Dumfries and Galloway. Pop.: 31 146 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
IN THE run up to the European Referendum, the town of Dumfries where I was campaigning held a festival celebrating Norway.
The funeral took place a week after the soldier's hearse was driven round his home town of Dumfries to allow people there to pay tribute to him.
"I am sure the town of Dumfries will be empty that day and I know that everyone is going to enjoy it.
Since then, Stewart has killed a man in England and raped a grandmother in his home town of Dumfries.
David Howard, 44, could not believe his luck when he snapped up the items at an auction house in the Scottish town of Dumfries in December.
pounds 18.60 - including tips(!) -from my first day waitressing at 'The Pancake Place' in my home town of Dumfries. Spent it on a handbag I'd been eyeing up for ages.
The 50-year-old who lives in Dumfries, said: "The Currie business has a strong heritage in the town of Dumfries but it was always possible, one day, the business could be sold on to a larger operator which, in my opinion, would have put many jobs at risk.
It meant the four-time British winner was unable to drive into the ceremonial finish in the centre of his home town of Dumfries in his Skoda Fabia R5.
WE'RE approaching the quiet border town of Dumfries where the only thing raising their heads are the Spring crocuses.
Her mum June had arranged for her daughter to attend a drugs clinic in her home town of Dumfries.
The 3D landscape model of the town of Dumfries in 1794 was very popular with visitors, so minor repairs have been carried out and a new Perspex cover installed to give it a fresh look.
She had not been wearing a helmet and died four days after last March's accident, in her home town of Dumfries.