Toyama


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Toyama

(tōyä`mä), city (1990 pop. 321,254), capital of Toyama prefecture, W central Honshu, Japan, on Toyama Bay. It is the main center of Japan's patent medicine industry and also has industries that produce chemicals and textiles. Toyama prefecture (1990 pop. 1,120,182), 1,644 sq mi (4,258 sq km), is a rice-growing area with many rivers that provide hydroelectric power for industry.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Toyama

 

a prefecture in Japan, on western Honshu Island, on Toyama Bay, an arm of the Sea of Japan. Area, 4,300 sq km. Population, 1,030,000 (1972), 70 percent of which is urban. The capital is the city of Toyama.

The terrain of Toyama Prefecture consists mainly of mountains and uplands, with elevations to 2,933 m at Shiroumo. The coast is a low-lying alluvial plain. Toyama is an important rice-growing region. One-fifth of the prefecture’s area is under cultivation: plantings of rice cover 62,000 hectares (ha), with a yield of 274,000 tons (1971). There is livestock raising and, in the southwest, sericulture. The lumber and fishing industries are also well developed, the latter on the coast.

The main branches of industry are nonferrous metallurgy (20 percent of the prefecture’s industrial production in 1970), the production of chemicals (14 percent) and textiles (11 percent), and general machine building (11 percent). Traditional folk medicines are also produced. Tourism is well developed; one of the prefecture’s main attractions is Chubu-Sangaku National Park.


Toyama

 

a city in Japan. Situated on the western coast of Honshu Island, on the Jintsu (Jinzu) River, near the point where it empties into Toyama Bay. Capital of Toyama Prefecture. Population, 276,200 (1972).

Toyama is a port and a transportation junction. Industry in the city includes ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy (production of steel, aluminum, and ferroalloys), the manufacture of petrochemicals, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and paper and pulp production. Machine building is represented by a ball-bearing plant and a shipyard. Toyama University is located in the city.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Toyama

a city in central Japan, on W Honshu on Toyama Bay (an inlet of the Sea of Japan): chemical and textile centre. Pop.: 321 049 (2002 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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