Toyul

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Toyul

 

a conditional type of fief in Iran and Azerbaijan in the 15th to 19th centuries; tankhakh was the corresponding term in Middle Asia. In the Safavid state in the 16th century, the term toyul was used for a specific right granted to sluzhilye liudi (military servitors)—namely, the right to collect taxes, in whole or in part, from a given territory; such taxes thus became a form of feudal rent. Beginning in the second half of the 16th century, toyul came to mean a land grant. Sometimes a toyul was attached to an official post and was granted for the time that an individual remained in office. Alternatively, a toyul might be a lifetime grant to an individual for services personally rendered. In the 18th century, such personal toyuls in effect became hereditary estates of the soyurghul type.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.