Trachurus


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Related to Trachurus: Trachurus symmetricus, treacherous
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trachurus

 

(horse mackerel), a genus of fishes of the order Perciformes. The spindle-shaped body measures up to 50 cm long and weighs up to 400 g. There is a thin caudal peduncle, and the lateral line is covered with bony scutes over its entire length. There are more than ten species, distributed mainly in the subtropical and moderately warm waters of the world ocean. The horse mackerel is a pelagic schooling fish that makes long seasonal migrations. The roe are pelagic and the fingerlings frequently swim under the umbrella of jellyfishes. The diet consists of planktonic crustaceans and small fishes. The fishes are commercially valuable. Four species are encountered in the waters of the USSR: two in the Sea of Japan and two in the Baltic Sea, Black Sea, and Sea of Azov.

REFERENCES

Svetovidov, A. N. Ryby Chemogo moria. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.,
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Growth and reproduction of horse mackerel, Trachurus trachurus (Carangidae).
Endoparasites of Trachurus picturatus (Pisces: Carangidae) from the Madeira and Canary Islands: selecting parasites for use as tags.
Desarrollo ovocitario, fecundidad parcial y distribucion vertical de los cardumenes en desove del jurel Trachurus murphyi (N).
Pleuronectes platessa Linnaeus, 1758 and Platichthys flesus trachurus (Duncker, 1892) of the family Pleuronectidae, and Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) of the family Scophthalmidae were studied with respect to their gill rakers and teeth (the jaw teeth and the pharyngeal tooth-plate teeth).
[17] has optimized processing parameters of horse mackerel (Trachurus japonicus) dried in a heat pump dehumidifier under the conditions from RSM model; Wang et al.
A study was conducted to characterize 30 autochthonous lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains isolated from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of three fish species; Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus), European pilchard (Sardina pilchardus) and Atlantic bonito (Sarda sarda), on the basis of phenotypic characters.
The fish he speared was one of approximately 10 conspecifics that were swimming with a school of juvenile jack mackerel, Trachurus symmetries (Ayres, 1855).
The three studied pleuronectiform species represent two closely related forms, the European plaice Pleuronectes platessa Linnaeus, 1758 and the European flounder Platichthys flesus trachurus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pleuronectidae), and one more distantly related form, the turbot Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Scophthalmidae).
JACK MACKEREL Trachurus murphyi (Nichols) FEEDING HABITS IN THE NORTH-CENTRAL PERUVIAN SEA