Trachycarpus


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trachycarpus

 

a genus of plants of the family Palmae. The trunks, which measure as much as 20 m tall and 20 cm in diameter, are covered with a brown fiber and bear as many as 30 fronds at the top. The unisexual or bisexual flowers are in large branching axillary inflorescences reaching 1 m in length. The fruit is a blue drupe, with a waxy bloom.

There are eight species, distributed in Southeast Asia and the Himalayas. The windmill palm (T. fortunei, or T. excelsus), which is cultivated extensively in many subtropical lands, is native to the Himalayas. The fiber of the leaf sheaths is used in the production of mats, coarse fabrics, brushes, and other items. The split leaves are used in weaving. T. martianus, which is native to the Eastern Himalayas, is also often cultivated. In the USSR both species are grown on the Black Sea Shore of the Caucasus, in Baku, in Lenkoran’, and in some places in the republics of Middle Asia. The windmill palm tolerates snows and brief frosts to –14°C; it bears fruit and yields many volunteer plants.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the Eden project in Cornwall, there is a national collection of them where more than 100 different cultivars are planted on a sunny slope amidst grasses, Chinese windmill palms (Trachycarpus) and other South African natives like Agapanthus and Hesperantha.
Trachycarpus palms are hardy and take longer to grow, so they tend to be more expensive to buy - but look amazing.
Trachycarpus fortunei or Chusan palm is one of the hardiest palms available.
Trachycarpus fortunei, or Chusan palm, is one of the hardiest palms available.
All species in subtribe Rhapidinae, except for Trachycarpus H.Wendl., exhibited lateral axillary branching: Chamaerops L.
These were of particular interest; but various primula, canna, acer and the palm trachycarpus were sampled.
Another, the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), loves the blaze of Southwest deserts as it harkens back to its roots in North Africa, while Trachycarpus thrives in the cool summers and wet winters of the Northwest.
Palms such as Trachycarpus fortunei also add that touch of Riviera glamour.
Sixteen tree species were angiospermae (Olea europaea, Acer negundo, Magnolia soulangeana, Cercis siliquastrum, Ficus carica, Salix viminalis, Fraxinus excelsior, Prunus subsp., Prunus ceracifera 'Atropurpureum', Eribotrya japonica, Laurocerasus officinalis, Juglans nigra, Quercus pontica, Alnus glutinosa, Trachycarpus fortunei, Populus tremula), and 9 were Gymnospermae (Sequoia sempervirens, Picea orientalis, Cryptomeria japonica, Pinus pinea, Cedrus deodora, Cupressus sempervirens Pyramidalis, Chamaecyparis pisifera, Cupressus macrocarpa 'Goldcrest', Cupressoparis leylandii) subspecies (Figure / Sekil 14).
THE Chinese windmill palm, Trachycarpus fortunei, is a tropical-looking treat.
Por ejemplo, generos como Borassus, Brahea, Caryota, Copernicia, Phoenix, Rhaphis, Sabal, Syagrus, Trachycarpus y Washingtonia poseen caracteristicas como: tronco aereo y alargado con las bases de las hojas persistentes y peciolos acanalados.