Trachyte

(redirected from Trachytoid)
Also found in: Dictionary.

trachyte

[′tra‚kīt]
(petrology)
The light-colored, aphanitic rock (the volcanic equivalent of syenite), composed largely of alkali feldspar with minor amounts of mafic minerals.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trachyte

 

a cenotypal extrusive, usually porphyritic rock. Porphyritic phenocrysts and microlites embedded in volcanic glass are represented by sanidine; neutral and acid plagioclase, biotite, pyroxene, or amphibole are encountered in lesser amounts. Trachyte is the extrusive equivalent of syenite. It consists of up to 60 percent silica and up to 10 percent alkalies. The rock is rough to the touch. There are glassy trachytes, such as obsidians and pumices, and trachytic tuffs. Trachytes grade into liparites, andesites, and basalts. They are found in the Caucasus and, outside the USSR, in Italy and France. Trachyte is a relatively rare rock. (See also.)

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.