7) For the sake of brevity, with every reference to the Babylonian Talmud hereafter I will refer only to the specific tractate
(masechet) by its Hebrew name.
While he gives Augustine's Retractationes as an example of this claim, it is unclear how it is meant to apply to Boethius, whose ability to blend philosophical method with theological principles was surely evident in the Theological Tractates
For every tractate
more than one manuscript is listed.
30) See Sven Grosse, Heilsungewissheit und Scrupulositas im spaten Mittelalter: Studien zu Johannes Gerson und Gattungen der Frommigkeitstheologie seiner Zeit, Beitrage zur Historisehen Theologic 85 (Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1994): 15-16, these observations made in tractates
in both Latin and French offering "remedies for the weak-souled.
Furthermore, the rhetorical intensity of the Sages' statement sets a preachy tone for the end of Chapter 9, reminiscent of the one set earlier in the tractate
by statements about the sotah herself: "God repays a person measure for measure.
86) This idea is confirmed at the beginning of the twelfth tractate
, where we read that the Nous comes from the very essence of god, but has not been cut off from god's essentiality and has expanded like the light of the sun.
Menahot begins with a discussion of this concept, the Hebrew term for which is list'mah (lit.
Augustine, too, designates Nicodemus as timid in this instance, but also says that he was not unbelieving (Tractates
on the Gospel of John, tractate
The German computer collations of variant readings of Yerushalmi tractates
directed by Peter Schafer conveniently collect information but do not, in themselves, represent scholarship, though they make possible a kind of scholarship.
In each of these areas he has written essays or short tractates
that take up a particular theme and try to understand it in its most absolute sense (in the context of God and the world), all in a terse, clear, almost, at times, conversational tone.
In the thirteenth dialogue of the Corpus Hermeticum, the mystery of a this-worldly rebirth is associated with a similar kind of experience, and the dualist ascesis of other tractates
(notably the first, fourth, and seventh) is developed into what might be described as an embryonic instrumental skepticism - instrumental because its purpose is to prepare for a revelation which will efface all ignorance and doubt.
Instead of following the tractates
in linear order, Coolman creatively focuses on a theme that undergirds all William's reflections, that of the spiritual senses.