Due to data limitation, only the last ATC phase (2003-05) is taken into account due to which the full impacts on trade margins
, in particular the extensive trade margin
, may not be captured as a consequence of abolition of quotas.
A comparison of intensive and extensive trade margins
reveals that the adjustment occurred to a greater extent on the intensive than on the extensive trade margin
According to the RTI reply, " In the case of indigenously manufactured scheduled formulation, the Maximum Allowable Postmanufacturing Expenses to cover all costs incurred by a maker from the stage of ex- factory cost to retailing and includes trade margin
and margin for the manufacturer shall not exceed 100 per cent as per DPCO, 1995.
When the customs duty, transport and trade margin
are added, the final retail price reaches a concerning high level.
The trade margin
, i.e., mark-up of wholesalers, in Estonia declined by nearly 2 percentage points on average in the first three quarters of 2009, though this did not reflect retailers performance.
In the cigarette literature the sum of the dollar margins of wholesalers and retailers is referred to as the industry trade margin
The retail trade margin
for each product is expressed as a percentage of the purchaser value, or the total retail sales to purchasers in 1994 for the overall United States.
While studying the statement on trade margin
in the aforesaid circular, we have observed multiple discrepancies in the price points quoted.