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(vertebrate zoology)
The chevrotains, a family of pecoran ruminants in the superfamily Traguloidea.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(chevrotains), a family of ruminant mammals of the order Artiodactyla. Unlike other ruminants, chevrotains have a stomach of three instead of four compartments (there is no omasum). The length of the body is 45 to 100 cm, and the height at the shoulders is 20 to 36 cm. Adults weigh between 2 and 15 kg. The hornless animals have relatively short and slender legs. The males have long curved tusks in the upper jaw. Each foot has four digits; the center digits are noticeably larger than the lateral ones. The coloration above and on the sides is brown, usually with light spots and stripes. The underpart is white.

There are two genera of chevrotains: the African Hyemoschus and the Asian Tragulus. The former genus has a single species, the water chevrotain (H. aquaticus). Chevrotains are found in tropical Africa, in southern and southeastern Asia, and on the Malay Archipelago. They live in tropical rain forests and mangrove thickets, often near bodies of water. The animals are shy, solitary, and nocturnal. They are essentially vegetarians, feeding on fallen fruit and aquatic plants. It is likely that chevrotains may also eat insects and other small animals.


Zhizn’zhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
New remains of tragulids (Mammalia, Tragulidae) from the Dhok Pathan Formation of Hasnot (Late Miocene), Pakistan.
Uber die Tragulidae und ihre beziehungen zu den ubrigen Artiodactyla.
Dorcatherium minus (Tragulidae:Artiodactyla: Mammalia) from the Nagri type area of the Nagri Formation, Middle Siwaliks, Northern Pakistan: new collection.
Africa's smallest ruminant; a new tragulid from the Miocene of Kenya and the biostratigraphy of East African Tragulidae. Geobios, 34: 437-447.
The studied specimens prove their inclusion in the family Tragulidae based on the selenobunodont to selenodont pattern with strong cingula and cingulidae and mostly strong styli and stylidae (Rossner 2007; Khan et al.
Dorcabune anthracotherioides (Artiodactyla Ruminantia Tragulidae) from Hasnot the Middle Siwaliks Pakistan.
Lower Dentition of Dorcatherium majus (Tragulidae Mammalia) in the Lower and Middle Siwaliks (Miocene) of Pakistan.
On Dorcatherium nagrii (Tragulidae Mammalia) with a review of Siwalik tragulids.
On Dorcatherium nagrii (Tragulidae, Mammalia) with a review of Siwalik tragulids.
Tragulidae from Arrisdrift, Basal Middle Miocene, Southern Namibia.
Early Pliocene Tragulidae and peafowls in the Rift Valley, Kenya: evidence for rainforest in East Africa.
Tragulidae (Artiodactyla, Ruminantia) from the Lower Miocene of the Sperrgebiet, Southern Namibia.