Trajan


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Trajan

(Marcus Ulpius Trajanus) (trā`jən), c.A.D. 53–A.D. 117, Roman emperor (A.D. 98–A.D. 117). Born in Spain, he was the first non-Italian to become head of the empire. Trajan served in the East, in Germany, and in Spain. He was adopted in A.D. 97 by Emperor NervaNerva
(Marcus Cocceius Nerva) , c.A.D. 30–A.D. 98, Roman emperor (A.D. 96–A.D. 98). He had an honorable career as a statesman at Rome, and his reputation was blameless.
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, who died shortly afterward. A capable man, Trajan set about strengthening his regime by embarking on an aggressive foreign policy. In two wars against DaciaDacia
, ancient name of the European region corresponding roughly to modern Romania (including Transylvania). It was inhabited before the Christian era by a people who were called Getae by the Greeks and were called Daci by the Romans.
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 he brought that region, the parent of modern Romania, under Roman control. This conquest is commemorated by the sculptured Trajan's Column, which stands in the Forum of Trajan in Rome. Trajan then annexed Arabia Petraea, and in three campaigns he conquered the greater part of the Parthian empire, including Armenia and Upper Mesopotamia. On his way home from this campaign, he died in Cilicia. He was succeeded by Hadrian. Trajan was an able military organizer and civic administrator. He partially drained the Pontine Marshes and restored the Appian Way, and at Rome he built an aqueduct, a theater, and the immense Forum of Trajan, containing basilicas and libraries.

Bibliography

See F. A. Lepper, Trajan's Parthian War (1948); L. Rossi, Trajan's Column and the Dacian Wars (1972).

Trajan

 

(Marcus Ulpius Traianus). Born A.D. 53; died 117. Member of the Antonine dynasty and Roman emperor (98–117).

Under Trajan the empire reached its greatest territorial extent. As a result of the Dacian Wars (101–102 and 105–106), Dacia became a Roman province, and in 106 the Nabataean Kingdom was conquered and became the province of Arabia. War with the Parthians from 114 to 117 resulted in the occupation of Greater Armenia and the subjugation of all Mesopotamia. Under Hadrian, Trajan’s successor, all the captured provinces were lost, except Dacia and Arabia.

Trajan maintained harmonious relations with the Senate and freely granted the rights of Roman citizenship to provincials. He instituted the alimenta system in an effort to alleviate the destitution of city dwellers and of landowners with medium and small holdings. Under Trajan, ambitious public works were undertaken in Rome and the provinces. Trajan’s Forum in Rome is a splendid example of such public construction.

Trajan

Latin name Marcus Ulpius Traianus. ?53--117 ad, Roman emperor (98--117). He extended the empire to the east and built many roads, bridges, canals, and towns
References in periodicals archive ?
If Casperius had been Trajan's agent and the insurrection orchestrated by Trajan or his supporters, and this was publicly known, can we really believe that Pliny would have given such prominence to the event in a panegyric published and delivered in readings for the public?
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Ignatius was martyred by Trajan for his refusal to sacrifice to the Roman gods and deny his faith.
Soranus of Ephesus practised in Alexandria and Rome around the time of the emperors Trajan and Hadrian (98-138 AD), and wrote a popular text on gynaecology, which included a section on the care of babies.
Surveys made by a French archeological mission uncovered the northern part of the Nabataean Cathedral in Bosra while other surveys unearthed some parts of Trajan Palace's private bath.
The theatre was inside a huge imperial-style palace and experts believe it could have played host to emperors such as Hadrian and Trajan in the second century.
British archaeologists have unearthed a major amphitheatre at an ancient port supplying Rome that may have played host to emperors such as Hadrian and Trajan.
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Many of the structures studied, including the Pantheon and the Baths of Trajan and Caracalla, are well known and much visited and the argument that Lancaster makes for why they came about is compelling and accessible.
She had just pulled up outside an address in Trajan Hill, Coleshill, near Sutton Coldfield, at 8pm when the car-jackers struck.