Trans-Siberian Railroad


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Trans-Siberian Railroad,

rail line, linking European Russia with the Pacific coast. Its construction began in 1891, on the initiative of Count S. Y. WitteWitte, Count Sergei Yulyevich
, 1849–1915, Russian premier. A railway administrator, he became minister of communications (1892) and minister of finance (1892–1903).
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, and was completed in 1905. The completion of the railroad greatly affected the history of the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and modern Russia by opening up SiberiaSiberia
, Rus. Sibir, vast geographical region of Russia, covering c.2,900,000 sq mi (7,511,000 sq km) and having an estimated population (1992) of 32,459,000. Historically it has had no official standing as a political or territorial division, but it was generally
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 to development.

The original line began at Chelyabinsk and ran generally east through Omsk, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, and Chita; it traversed Manchuria and reentered Russian territory before ending at Vladivostok. The Manchurian section of the line is known as the Chinese Eastern RR. The present Trans-Siberian RR branches off from the original line at Chita to follow, roughly, the Amur and Ussuri rivers and reaches Vladivostok by way of Khabarovsk; it lies entirely in Russian territory. The Moscow-Vladivostok run is 5,785 mi (9,310 km); the electrification of the entire line was only completed in 2002. The line carries both freight and passengers.

The Trans-Siberian RR now has several branch lines, notably the line connecting Omsk with Yekaterinburg. A branch to Ust-Kut connects with the Baykal-Amur MainlineBaykal-Amur Mainline
(BAM), railroad line linking central Siberian Russia with the Pacific. The BAM parallels the Trans-Siberian RR but passes north rather than south of Lake Baykal. It is 1,928 mi (3,102 km) long, with 1,987 bridges.
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 (BAM). The railroad is also linked with the Turkistan-Siberia RRTurkistan-Siberia Railroad,
abbreviated as Turk-Sib,
important railroad in Central Asia, providing the shortest link between Siberia and Central Asia. Completed in 1931, it runs from the Trans-Siberian RR at Novosibirsk SW to the Trans-Caspian RR, which it joins N of
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.

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References in periodicals archive ?
In Siberia, Whites, Revolutionary Socialists, Bolsheviks, Cossack atatmans, die-hard Imperialists, local soviets (councils) of peasants and anarchists vied with local bandit gangs for power--and that meant control of the Trans-Siberian railroad.
During their heroic exodus along the Trans-Siberian railroad, the Legion captured many from the Red Guards, while others were supplied by their Japanese "allies" when the legionnaires reached eastern Siberia.
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Conjuring up memories of exotic trips on the Orient Express or the Trans-Siberian Railroad, or a quick trip from London to Edinburgh on the now-retired steam engine the Flying Scotsman, the days of steam bring us back to a simpler era when we had the luxury of time to travel at leisure.
Also on the table is the proposal to extend the trans-Siberian railroad to South Korea.
In 1922, they took a leg of the Trans-Siberian railroad to Harbin, Manchuria.
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(18) While the project has been effectively stalled by the North Koreans, the vision of a rail line connecting the Trans-Siberian Railroad (TSR) to South Korean markets and the Asian transshipment hub of Pusan has inspired Moscow to engage Pyongyang aggressively on the issue.