Transbaikal Breed

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Transbaikal Breed

 

a breed of fine-fleeced sheep that was produced in Chita Oblast from 1927 to 1956. Local coarse-wooled Buriat sheep were crossed with Soviet Merino rams, and later with Precoce Merino and Altai Merino rams.

The sheep are the source of good-quality meat. The rams weigh between 90 and 100 kg; the ewes weigh from 50 to 60 kg. The wool yield from a ram weighs from 8 to 10 kg (maximum yield 14.5 kg) and from a ewe, 5 kg (maximum yield 11 kg). The wool is of 60th to 64th quality (60–64 skeins per pound) and measures from 7 to 8 cm long. The pure wool yield is between 46 and 48 percent. The birthrate for every 100 ewes is 115 to 120 lambs. A valuable characteristic of this breed of sheep is a high frequency of early maturation. The rams are used to improve local coarse-wooled breeds of sheep. Transbaikal sheep are well adapted to year-round grazing in natural pastures of a continental climate. The breed is prevalent in the vicinity of Transbaikalia.

REFERENCE

Ovtsevodstvo. Edited by P. A. Esaulov and G. R. Litovchenko. Moscow, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Full browser ?