Transcendental Meditation

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Transcendental Meditation,

service mark for a meditation technique and program founded by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and based on Vedic philosophy. Stressing natural meditation and the mental and physical benefits and personal development that could be achieved, Transcendental Meditation is said to help individuals achieve a higher level of consciousness. Brought by Maharishi from India to the West in 1959, Transcendental Meditation was a distinct subculture within the 1960s youth movement, attracting actress Mia Farrow, cultural philosopher Marshall McLuhan, and the Beatles, and continues to have many practitioners. See also meditationmeditation,
religious discipline in which the mind is focused on a single point of reference. It may be a means of invoking divine grace, as in the contemplation by Christian mystics of a spiritual theme, question, or problem; or it may be a means of attaining conscious union
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Bibliography

See A. Campbell, Seven States of Consciousness (1973); R. Roth, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's Transcendental Mediation (1987); D. Chopra, Return of the Rishi (1991).

References in periodicals archive ?
This study employed a quasi-experimental design to determine whether practice of the Transcendental Meditation program could result in increased social-emotional competencies and decreased psychological distress in public middle school students.
Reduced psychological distress in racial and ethnic minority students practicing the Transcendental Meditation Program. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 38, 109-116.
Arandomized controlled trial on effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on blood pressure, psychological stress, and coping in young adults.
The Transcendental Meditation Program and Post conventional Self-Development: A 10-year Longitudinal Study.
The Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Mindfulness, Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65 (6), 574-589.
In each of the schools, students volunteered to participate in the Transcendental Meditation program during their Quiet Time periods or elected to engage in other quiet activities in their seat such as resting, sitting quietly, reading, or working on homework.
Students as young as age 10 can be instructed in the standard 7-step Transcendental Meditation program and are able to successfully practice in an effortless manner (Nidich & Nidich, 1990).
Participation in the Transcendental Meditation program and frontal EEG coherence during concept learning.
The purpose of the current study was to determine whether practice of the Transcendental Meditation program might result in higher school graduation rates compared to students who do not receive training in this stress reduction program.
Of these 142 volunteered to practice the Transcendental Meditation program and 93 students chose not practice the meditation program as part of the schools' Quiet Time program.
Previous research in a Midwest private school indicated that practice of the Transcendental Meditation program significantly increased standardized academic achievement scores over a one-year period (Nidich, Nidich, & Rainforth, 1986; Nidich & Nidich, 1989).
Meditating students attended the sixth and seventh grades and practiced the Transcendental Meditation program at school for 12 minutes at the start and end of the school day for three months prior to the administration of the CST posttest.

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