Transgression

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transgression

[tranz′gresh·ən]
(geology)
Geologic evidence of landward extension of the sea. Also known as invasion; marine transgression.
(oceanography)
Extension of the sea over land areas.

transgression

the practice of engaging with, and challenging, areas of knowledge and DISCOURSE by exploring their historically contingent conditions of emergence. For FOUCAULT transgression can be liberatory because it shows how taken-for-granted aspects of the self and subjectivity are neither universal nor necessary and are therefore open to change. It must be noted, however that the Foucauldean practice of transgression does not attempt to criticize or oppose by claiming that a true, deeper self lies beneath various historical layers of prejudices and assumptions. This would constitute a form of ESSENTIALISM, inferring that an unchanging set of qualities exists that can be discovered and to which one must then adhere. Here, one set of constraints is merely replaced with another. To avoid this, Foucault draws on Nietzsche's views of history.

Transgression

 

in genetics, the intensification or attenuation of a genetic character in offspring as compared with the parent individuals. Transgression occurs when the quantitative manifestation of a character is associated with the functioning of two or more genes. When each parent individual has one or more dominant genes, two or more dominant genes may combine in the offspring, resulting in the intensification of the given character (positive transgression). An analogous combination of recessive genes leads to an attenuated manifestation of characters (negative transgression).

Knowledge of transgression is applied in selective breeding to obtain new varieties, notably in self-fertilizing species of plants. Applications of transgression are limited since its occurrence decreases with an increase in the number of genes causing the quantitative manifestation of a character.

REFERENCE

Miintzing, A. Geneticheskie issledovaniia. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from English.)

Transgression

 

the advance of the sea onto the land. In most cases, transgression occurs as a result of a subsidence of the land; less often, it is due to a rise in the level of the ocean. A transgression consists of a series of relatively brief advances and retreats of the sea, with the advances predominating. The sequence of deposits formed during a transgression generally shows a transition from shallow-water facies at the bottom to deeper-water facies at the top. The opposite of a transgression is called a regression.

References in classic literature ?
She told me she had been walking the earth these twenty years: a just punishment for her mortal transgressions, I've no doubt
Girls are such geese sometimes, I can't help it," said Steve, confessing his transgressions handsomely, and feeling quite ready to atone for them if he only knew how.
That man is happy and lucky in them who knows all these things and does his work without offending the deathless gods, who discerns the omens of birds and avoids transgressions.
They are the spirits, the low spirits and melancholy forebodings, of fallen souls that once in human shape night-walked the earth and did the deeds of darkness, now expiating their sins with their wailing hymns or threnodies in the scenery of their transgressions.
And when he finds that the sum of his transgressions is great he will many a time like a child start up in his sleep for fear, and he is filled with dark forebodings.
The man of talent affects to call his transgressions of the laws of the senses trivial and to count them nothing considered with his devotion to his art.
This strange, cruel, and almost unaccountable ingratitude in the captain, absolutely broke the poor doctor's heart; for ingratitude never so thoroughly pierces the human breast as when it proceeds from those in whose behalf we have been guilty of transgressions.
Certain simple principles had been instilled into him so anxiously (on account of his "queerness") that the mere names of certain transgressions filled him with horror.
I was stern with him, knowing that the transgressions of the parents are visited on their offspring, and that there was an angry mark upon him at his birth.
It would have been a much better transgression had I broken the bond of secrecy and told you every thing.
But either his success, or the frequency of the transgression in others, soon wiped off this slight stain from his character; and, although there were a few who, dissatisfied with their own fortunes, or conscious of their own demerits, would make dark hints concerning the sudden prosperity of the unportioned Quaker, yet his services, and possibly his wealth, soon drove the recollection of these vague conjectures from men’s minds.
More than the idea I never felt, for, happily, I never committed a fault that was deemed worthy of such penalty; but once I remember, for some transgression of my sister's, our mother thought proper to inflict it upon her: what SHE felt, I cannot tell; but my sympathetic tears and suffering for her sake I shall not soon forget.