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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a lexical-syntactic category of verbs denoting action upon an object.

In a sentence with a transitive verb, the subject is the subject of the action and a noun in the accusative or genitive case is the object of that same action, such as in stroit’ dom,”to build a house,” and zhdat’ poezda,”to wait for a train.” Transitivity plays an important role in the formation of the nominative construction. The same verb, depending on its lexical meaning, may be transitive or intransitive (that is, not governing the accusative case in an object without a preposition and acting on an indirect object), as in Russian pet’,”to sing,” and pisat’, “to write,” or English “to fly,” and “to run.”

The category of transitivity-intransitivity in Russian and other European languages has no morphological expression but may be associated with the word-formative structure of a verb. A distinction is made between direct transitivity, expressed by actual transitive verbs, and indirect transitivity, expressed by intransitive verbs (zabotit’sia o rebenke, “to look after a child,” or zavidovat’ soperniku,”to be envious of a rival”). There is no universally accepted opinion as to the nature of transitivity-intransitivity.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Now, Devaney chaos combines both topological transitivity and the existence of dense orbits.
Specifically, SFL analysis reveals that absence of agents and minimal use of modal verbs in transitivity processes is used in women related crime reports.
Therefore main focus of the study was to apply formal operations stage (12-16 years) of Piaget's Cognitive development theory on students of age twelve to sixteen years at district Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan) in learning mathematics concepts (viz; classification, intersection, factorization, ratio and proportion, transitivity, geometry).
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The transitivity of such verbal forms is cross-linguistically unremarkable since the forms are, in a sense, underlyingly verbs; in contrast it is the existence of transitive lexical nouns and adjectives that is typologically rare and worthy of further investigation.
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Keywords: Transitivity Choices Graham Greene S ystemic Functional Linguistics Power Relationship
A second-order transitive outcome occurs when "Debater A" defeated "Debater B" who defeated "Debater C" who defeated "Debater D," and "Debater A" defeated "Debater D." This way of defining orders of transitivity can be extended indefinitely.
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Consistency is usually characterized by transitivity. Some transitive properties of linguistic preference relations can be described as follows [3, 5, 14] : (1) weak transitivity, (2) max-min transitivity, (3) max-max transitivity, (4) restricted max-min transitivity, (5) restricted max-max transitivity, (6) multiplicative consistency, and (7) additive consistency.