Translational Motion

translational motion

[tran′slā·shən·əl ′mō·shən]
Motion of a rigid body in such a way that any line which is imagined rigidly attached to the body remains parallel to its original direction.

Translational Motion


the motion of a rigid body such that a line connecting any two points of the body is shifted parallel to itself. During translational motion, all points of the body describe identical trajectories, that is, trajectories coincident when superposed, and have at every instant velocities and accelerations that are the same in magnitude and direction. The translational motion of a body is therefore treated in much the same way as the kinematics of a particle (seeKINEMATICS). 20–1257–1]

References in periodicals archive ?
The capillary viscometer measures long range translational motion between adjacent chains so that the activation energy should be high.
The baseball has both rotational and translational motion.
On the molecular scale, there is not enough energy to allow for rotational or translational motion.
Attocube Systems AG Novel Fiber-Based Interferometric Displacement Sensor System For the development of an extremely compact, non-invasive, and multiple-channel interferometric displacement sensor system capable of detecting spatial position change of a device in translational motion with high precision.
To solve the delicate problem of transforming the rotational motion of the motor's shaft into a translational motion, UBL23 unipolar stepper motors were actually used.
The physics of space and time I: the description of rulers and clocks in uniform translational motion by Galilean or Lorentz transformations.
We feel that many surgeons will prefer the translational motion that a dynamic plating system such as this will allow in multi-level cervical fusion procedures.
The Star parallel manipulator (Herve & Sparacino, 1992) and the Delta parallel robot (Clavel, 1988; Tsai & Stamper, 1996) are equipped with three motors that drive the moving platform in a general translational motion.
While predicting the same earth-rotation induced precession, the new theory has an additional much larger "frame-dragging" effect caused by the observed translational motion of the Earth.
Backed by groundbreaking research involving nonconforming mesh coupling techniques and the combined use of edge-based vector elements and nodal-based scalar elements, Maxwell 3D can now simulate linear translational motion and spinning rotational motion.
Based on the assumption of pure translational motion of the end-effector, we can write the equations for the inverse kinematics of the robot, using geometrical approach:

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