Translational Motion

translational motion

[tran′slā·shən·əl ′mō·shən]
Motion of a rigid body in such a way that any line which is imagined rigidly attached to the body remains parallel to its original direction.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Translational Motion


the motion of a rigid body such that a line connecting any two points of the body is shifted parallel to itself. During translational motion, all points of the body describe identical trajectories, that is, trajectories coincident when superposed, and have at every instant velocities and accelerations that are the same in magnitude and direction. The translational motion of a body is therefore treated in much the same way as the kinematics of a particle (seeKINEMATICS). 20–1257–1]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kinematics of switching devices in many cases are built so that the part of moving elements carries translational motion, and the other part carries rotary motion (Fig.
The system describing the joint deployment is a combination of two systems: angular motion and translational motion, the mathematical models of which are presented in [9,10].
Particle angular acceleration and translational motion induced by the fluid are smaller for particles with larger particle aspect ratios so that the centrifugal force drives the particles towards the edge of the vortex.
Then the driving motor and ball screw form a translational motion along the z-axis.
The sample absorbs laser energy and performs translational motion along the x-axis.
The first vibration mode is the translational motion of the global structure in the x direction.
Furthermore, with respect to the translational motion control, the following condition is assumed.
Equations (1) and (2) arise from the equations governing translational motion; the derivation can be found in the Appendix of [30].
The article considers the principle of the direct analogy of constructing a simple electric model of the simplest linear mechanical system with translational motion. Differential equations of electrical and mechanical circuit are obtained and the motor speed of mechanical system in the transitional process with the help of classical or operator method is defined [9].
* There is no friction in translational motion of clutch disc.
All central components of translational modes have pure translational motion and no rotational motion.
So that we note that the omnidirectional mobile robot can separately achieve the translational motion and the rotational motion around the gravity center in the two-dimensional plane.

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