Translocation


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translocation

[¦tranz·lō′kā·shən]
(botany)
Movement of water, mineral salts, and organic substances from one part of a plant to another.
(cell and molecular biology)
The transfer of a chromosome segment from its usual position to a new position in the same or in a different chromosome.

Translocation

 

(1) In genetics, a type of chromosomal restructuring (mutation) involving an interchange between parts of chromosomes; it often leads to a decrease in the fertility of animals and plants.

(2) The transference of substances in and out of a cell through a biological membrane by means of a biochemical transport system.

(3) In plants, the movement of water through the xylem and of nutrients through the phloem.

References in periodicals archive ?
Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; termination of the southern sea otter translocation program.
3,4) Nonetheless, the coexistence of balanced translocation, gonadal dysgenesis, and tall stature in association with t(X;1) translocation has been rarely described in the literature.
Homozygosity for a Robertsonian Translocation (13q; 14q) in an Otherwise Healthy 44, XY Man With a History of Repeated Fetal Losses.
10] This translocation causes the fusion of MYB oncogene with the NFIB transcription factor gene and was seen in 100% of the cases tested by Persson et al.
Cytogenetics of human sperm: Meiotic segregation in two translocation carriers.
With the species swiftly disappearing, the MOA launched a new conservation plan for the finless porpoise last October, which included translocation as a critical component.
It has been reported that for translocation carriers, in vitro fertilisation combined with preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a faster method of conceiving a child than natural conception.
H V Singh, Director, Archaelogical Survey of India, We are very happy to collaborate with Wildlife SOS for the Jackal Translocation Project as they have adequate experience to implement this initiative succesfully.
Using the dedicated Nuclear Localization Wizard in the IDEAS software, NFkB translocation can then be studied and quantified in an objective, statistically robust manner.
free trisomy 21, mosaic trisomy 21, and translocation trisomy 21 are present (3) Most commonly, Down syndrome children have karyotype of free Trisomy 21, while their parents have normal karyotype.
T (1;14) is an infrequently occurring recurrent chromosomal translocation that has been described in literature to be associated with haematological malignancies.