Transylvanian Alps, Romanian Carpaţii Meridionali, southern branch of the Carpathian Mts., extending c.225 mi (360 km) E across central Romania from the Danube River at the Iron Gate. Moldoveanu (8,343 ft/2,543 m) and Negoiu are the highest peaks. The range, composed of crystalline massifs, is densely forested and is a famous hunting ground. Its subalpine meadows are used for extensive sheep grazing. There are coal, iron, and lignite deposits. Turnu Roşu is the most important of several passes linking Transylvania with Walachia to the south.