Transylvanian Plateau


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Transylvanian Plateau

 

(or Transylvanian Basin; in Rumanian, Podisul Transilvaniei), a plateau in Rumania, surrounded by the Eastern and Southern Carpathians and the Western Rumanian Mountains. The elevation of the Transylvanian Plateau ranges generally between 300 and 600 m and reaches 900m at the edges. The plateau is composed mainly of Neogene sandstones and clays. There are deposits of common salt and deposits of fuel gas. The relief combines hills and cuestas, which are strongly dissected in places by ravines and by the valleys of the Someş, Mureş, and Olt rivers and their tributaries. Wheat, tobacco, and sugar beets are grown on the plateau; steppes and forest-steppes are found on the strongly dissected slopes. The principalcities are Cluj, Braşov, Sibiu, and Tirgu Mures.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Intra-Carpathian Zone is the only one that encloses a single region, namely the wine-growing region of the Transylvanian Plateau.
This old and renowned vineyard is the largest among all the other vineyards that can be found on the large Transylvanian Plateau. It coincides with one of the plateau's subdivisions, the Tarnave Plateau, crossed by two rivers, the Tarnava Mica?
Combining available distribution data and the existence of natural barriers we were able to designate five, possibly separate, populations: the Pannonian Plain, the Transylvanian Plateau, the Olt Valley, the Brasov Depression and the Ciuc Depression population.
Literature data, museum records, personal reports of field biologists and our own field observations were compiled to assess the present-day distribution of the species within the Transylvanian Plateau and the Pannonian Plain of Romania.
Romania's Brasov-Comarnic segment is supposed to be part of the almost 600 km long A3 motorway, going from Bucharest towards the north of the country, crossing the southern Carpathians through Prahova Valley, cutting diagonally through the Transylvanian Plateau, reaching the border crossing point with Hungary at Bors.
Geologically, the area of Turda town is situated at the joint between the Jurasic facies limestones formations of Mount Petrid and the tertiary sedimentary rocks of the Transylvanian Plateau floor, here formed from marns, clay, greystone, and volcanic tuff strata.
Almost half of the territory of Center Development Region is composed mainly by the branches of the Carpathians, plus the hilly and depresionery areas of the Transylvanian Plateau.
The Ciceu Ridge Geosite from the county of Bistrita-Nasaud, consisting of the Ciceu volcanic massif, represents an important geological and geomorphological landmark in the Transylvanian Plateau, with consequences on scientific, aesthetic, ecologic, economic and cultural level.
JDDK project architect Stuart Franklin and associate Nicky Hodgson are currently training hard for the hospice's 2009 Transylvanian Challenge - a nine-day adventure that will see 30 volunteers trekking in Romania's Transylvanian Alps before cycling across the Transylvanian plateau and then spending their final three days working at the Casa Sperantei (Home of Hope) Hospice in Brasov.
Saxon communities emerged in favorable locations, especially along the Southern and the Eastern borders of the Transylvanian Plateau. This is where you can still find today, in different states of preservation, fortified towns and churches belonging to the Saxon communities.
The Transylvanian Plateau in Romania, where the partner church is located, used to be part of Hungary, and ethnic Hungarians live there, she said.
Fests have become a focal point for local talent and the biggest is in Cluj on the Transylvanian plateau. The home base of the fast-growing Transylvania Film Festival, run by producer-helmer Tudor Giurgiu, Cluj is where helmer Michael Curtiz and actor Bela Lugosi got their starts.