Trappists

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Trappists,

popular name for an order of Roman Catholic monks, officially (since 1892) the Reformed CisterciansCistercians
, monks of a Roman Catholic religious order founded (1098) by St. Robert, abbot of Molesme, in Cîteaux [Cistercium], Côte-d'Or dept., France. They reacted against Cluniac departures from the Rule of St. Benedict.
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 or Cistercians of the Stricter Observance. They perpetuate the reform begun at La Trappe, Orne dept., France, by Armand de RancéRancé, Armand Jean le Bouthillier de
, 1626–1700, French religious reformer, founder of the Trappists. He was of a noble family, was well educated, and lived at court as a worldly priest.
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 (c.1660). The reformer's aim was to restore primitive Cistercian (hence also primitive Benedictine) life; actually the Trappists surpassed both St. Benedict and St. Bernard in austerity. The reform was acclaimed in the world, but many Cistercians resisted it. The whole order was affected, but some abbeys never accepted the reform as such. The life of Trappists is one of strict seclusion from the world. Working hours are devoted to common and private worship, labor (often manual), and study; there is no recreation, meat is eaten only by the sick, and silence is observed except under unusual circumstances, but not by vow. Lay brothers do much of the farming, a peculiarly Cistercian practice. In the 19th and 20th cent. the Trappists shared in the revival of monasticismmonasticism
, form of religious life, usually conducted in a community under a common rule. Monastic life is bound by ascetical practices expressed typically in the vows of celibacy, poverty, and obedience, called the evangelical counsels.
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 and expanded greatly. There are 12 abbeys in the United States. The head of the order, the abbot general of Cîteaux, lives in Rome.

Bibliography

See T. Merton, The Silent Life (1957); L. J. Lekai, The Rise of the Cistercian Strict Observance in Seventeenth Century France (1968).

References in periodicals archive ?
He died shortly before he was to make an extended retreat at the Trappist monastery at Gethsemani in Kentucky under the direction of Thomas Merton.
Unlike the convent, at the Trappist Monastery (329 Mitsuishi Hokuto-Shi Hokkaido), we couldn't roam the grounds.
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We only need Nigel Farage to forswear alcohol, and enter a Trappist monastery - preferably in France - to get the treble.
Ten years ago, I traveled high into the Sahya Mountains in South India to pay a visit to the Trappist monastery of Kurisumala.
There's also the Trappist Monastery in Jordan town which is believed to be the only monastery in the Philippines under the Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance.
Preserving the Trappist Monastery ruins and guesthouse (now St.
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In a price tag attack in September last year, vandals wrote "Jesus is a monkey" on the wall of a Trappist monastery in Latrun, outside Jerusalem.