Trappists

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Trappists,

popular name for an order of Roman Catholic monks, officially (since 1892) the Reformed CisterciansCistercians
, monks of a Roman Catholic religious order founded (1098) by St. Robert, abbot of Molesme, in Cîteaux [Cistercium], Côte-d'Or dept., France. They reacted against Cluniac departures from the Rule of St. Benedict.
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 or Cistercians of the Stricter Observance. They perpetuate the reform begun at La Trappe, Orne dept., France, by Armand de RancéRancé, Armand Jean le Bouthillier de
, 1626–1700, French religious reformer, founder of the Trappists. He was of a noble family, was well educated, and lived at court as a worldly priest.
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 (c.1660). The reformer's aim was to restore primitive Cistercian (hence also primitive Benedictine) life; actually the Trappists surpassed both St. Benedict and St. Bernard in austerity. The reform was acclaimed in the world, but many Cistercians resisted it. The whole order was affected, but some abbeys never accepted the reform as such. The life of Trappists is one of strict seclusion from the world. Working hours are devoted to common and private worship, labor (often manual), and study; there is no recreation, meat is eaten only by the sick, and silence is observed except under unusual circumstances, but not by vow. Lay brothers do much of the farming, a peculiarly Cistercian practice. In the 19th and 20th cent. the Trappists shared in the revival of monasticismmonasticism
, form of religious life, usually conducted in a community under a common rule. Monastic life is bound by ascetical practices expressed typically in the vows of celibacy, poverty, and obedience, called the evangelical counsels.
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 and expanded greatly. There are 12 abbeys in the United States. The head of the order, the abbot general of Cîteaux, lives in Rome.

Bibliography

See T. Merton, The Silent Life (1957); L. J. Lekai, The Rise of the Cistercian Strict Observance in Seventeenth Century France (1968).

References in periodicals archive ?
Surely by now we should be able to have access to the archives of the Trappist Order to ascertain whether significant changes were made.
The Trappist order was named after a monastery in which country?
The seven members of a Trappist order lived in a monastery in Tibehirine south of Algiers and disappeared in 1996 during a savage wave of killings by both Islamist militants and government forces.
Rome therefore ruled in 1909 that Mariannhill and its missions would no longer be part of the Trappist Order but allowed to go their own separate way, becoming the "Congregation of Mariannhill Missionaries" with no restrictions on missionary endeavour.
What is remarkable, though, is the amount of companies outside the Trappist Order that are finding themselves in a similar position.
Martin knew he wanted to become a monk and sought a Trappist order that would provide him a serious foundation.
In the forty-six pages of chapter seven, for example, he takes us from Pico della Mirandola to Goethe to Voltaire to Max Weber, back to Pico, to Luther to North and Thomas's Rise of the Western World (1973), back to Max Weber, to Hume (the essay on "Superstition and Enthusiasm") to the Jansenists to Armand de Ranch, the seventeenth-century founder of the Trappist order and his quarrel about monasticism with Jean Mabillon, to Edward Whiting Fox's History in Geographic Perspective: The Other France (1971) to Eric Jones's The European Miracle: Environments, Economies, and Geopolitics in the History of Europe and Asia (1981) to Montesquieu, to Voltaire again, forward to Michelet, backward to Rousseau, back again to Montesquieu, forward to Madison, and ending with Burke.
It's like asking Murray Walker to enter a Trappist Order.
The Trappist Order is a strictly contemplative one, bound to cloistered silence and thus specifically forbidden missionary activity.
Keating noticed by the 1970s that young American disciples of Eastern gurus coming the abbey were having significant spiritual experiences "without having gone through the penitential exercises that the Trappist order required.
Caught between his vow of obedience in the Trappist order and the dead woman's wishes, he opted to fight the settlement in the Texas courts.
The Carthusian, Cistercian, and Trappist orders, to name the most prominent, are known commonly as reform movements that returned Benedictine monasticism to itself.