Trappists

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Trappists,

popular name for an order of Roman Catholic monks, officially (since 1892) the Reformed CisterciansCistercians
, monks of a Roman Catholic religious order founded (1098) by St. Robert, abbot of Molesme, in Cîteaux [Cistercium], Côte-d'Or dept., France. They reacted against Cluniac departures from the Rule of St. Benedict.
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 or Cistercians of the Stricter Observance. They perpetuate the reform begun at La Trappe, Orne dept., France, by Armand de RancéRancé, Armand Jean le Bouthillier de
, 1626–1700, French religious reformer, founder of the Trappists. He was of a noble family, was well educated, and lived at court as a worldly priest.
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 (c.1660). The reformer's aim was to restore primitive Cistercian (hence also primitive Benedictine) life; actually the Trappists surpassed both St. Benedict and St. Bernard in austerity. The reform was acclaimed in the world, but many Cistercians resisted it. The whole order was affected, but some abbeys never accepted the reform as such. The life of Trappists is one of strict seclusion from the world. Working hours are devoted to common and private worship, labor (often manual), and study; there is no recreation, meat is eaten only by the sick, and silence is observed except under unusual circumstances, but not by vow. Lay brothers do much of the farming, a peculiarly Cistercian practice. In the 19th and 20th cent. the Trappists shared in the revival of monasticismmonasticism
, form of religious life, usually conducted in a community under a common rule. Monastic life is bound by ascetical practices expressed typically in the vows of celibacy, poverty, and obedience, called the evangelical counsels.
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 and expanded greatly. There are 12 abbeys in the United States. The head of the order, the abbot general of Cîteaux, lives in Rome.

Bibliography

See T. Merton, The Silent Life (1957); L. J. Lekai, The Rise of the Cistercian Strict Observance in Seventeenth Century France (1968).

References in periodicals archive ?
We stopped by the Trappistine Convent (346 Kamiyunokawa-cho, Hakodate), Japan's first convent which was established by eight nuns who had come over from France.
I remember waiting once in the dark chapel of a Trappistine onastery for the nuns to enter for Compline (the Trappists are a reformed Benedictine order, and the Trappstines are their communicaties of women) and suddenly hearing an outburst of the heartiest laughter from an adjoining room.
to join Trappistine nuns for Vigils, their first common prayer of the day.
Olive-skinned, dark-eyed, a Garcia Lorca woman, she shines with a fierceness that brought her to be transferred from her Trappistine monastery in northern California to Gethsemani for three months that became three years, in which she lived as the only woman among an enclosed, cloistered community of seventy men.
International Beer Competition), La Trappistine Dubbel and Picture City Porter.
Loew spent the last years of his life in the Abbey of Tamie, as a hermit in the Pyrenees, and finally in residence at the Trappistine abbey of Ecourgnac, where he died and was buried.
Trappistine nuns, however, produce a confection of a different order.
resides at Our Lady of the Mississippi Abbey in Dubuque, Iowa and has been living a cloistered Cistercian/ Trappistine monastic life for 15 years.
Francis, Sisters of the Presentation, Sisters of the Visitation and Trappistine Sisters, all of Dubuque.
During Kline's first term, Mepkin accepted sponsorship of a young monastery of Trappistine nuns in Ecuador.
Three of the seven partners are religious communities that work their land: the Trappistine women of Our Lady of the Mississippi Abbey, Dubuque, Iowa; the Trappist men of Our Lady of New Melleray Abbey, Peosta, Iowa; and the Dominican Sisters of Sinsinawa, Wis.
The weeds mark a commitment to sustainable agriculture begun three years ago by the Cistercian - or Trappistine - nuns who farm the land.